Cardiorespiratory endurance analyse the relationship between physical fitness and movement efficiency. Students LESSON OBJECTIVE: Students will learn about the Health and Skill-Related Components of Fitness and how these components can have a Critical Question 1 - What Does Health Mean To Individuals?. Start studying PDHPE: The relationship between physical fitness, training and movement efficiency. Cardio-respiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition What does FITT stand for ?. Health related components of physical fitness: Muscular Strength Defined: Is the ability of Muscular strength's relationship to movement efficiency: Strength to take up and use the oxygen that has been breathed in during exercise and transferred to muscle cells. Fitness Principles What does it mean to be Physically Fit.
To develop an effective training program it is necessary to identify the correct energy pathway. An energy pathway is a system that converts nutrients to energy for exercise. If we perform short sharp movements as in jumping and lifting, the body uses the anaerobic pathway to supply energy.
If movements are sustained and of moderate intensity, the aerobic pathway supplies the bulk of the energy needs. Frequency This refers to how many times per week we train. Intensity How hard a person exercises during a session. Need a balance between Overload and Overtraining. Time Concerned with the length of time the exercise lasts for. Type This means the type of exercise you do.
The maximum heart rate is minus your age. Ventilation Rate Is the total volume of oxygen breathed into the lungs per minute. Stroke Volume Is the amount of blood pumped out of the left ventricle during a contraction. Cardiac Output Is the total amount of blood pumped out of the heart each minute.
The formula for calculating cardiac output is: Strength is also a major component of power. In any single day some muscles may contact countless numbers of times in activities such as walking. The ability to keep going without muscle fatigue is important to overall health. The level of resistance that muscles have to work against is an important feature in determining muscular endurance.
A person who continually walks up hills or trains muscles using lots of repetitions with light weights may build up high levels of muscular endurance. Some examples of sports requiring high levels of muscular endurance are middle to long distance running, swimming, rowing, canoeing and cycling.
There is also a range of team sports where athletes have to play for extended periods, such as 4 x minute quarters, or 2 x minute halves, which require a high level of muscular endurance to ensure that athletes are able to continually move and create space. Athletes who compete in sports such as tennis or squash, require specific muscular endurance in their legs, wrist, forearm and upper body in order to compete in long — Flexibility Flexibility is the range of motion around a joint and can make an important contribution to the way people feel.
As mentioned earlier a joint is where two or more bones meet, the tendons and ligaments and muscles encapsulating the joint can restrict this range of movement and limit the effectiveness of movements.
Flexibility decreases with age, but can be maintained with regular exercise and stretching routines.
Good flexibility aids in mobility and helps to reduce the chances of muscle fibre tears and ligament strains. While maintaining flexibility is important in daily life, it has a particular significance in some sports. Competitive gymnastics and dancing require high levels of flexibility, so that the performer is able to undertake the skill of the required movement patterns. While a high level of general flexibility is vital in performing well in these activities, many movements can be enhanced by high flexibility.
For instance, a tennis player with good shoulder flexibility would be able to take the racquet back further and generate more speed in the serve; an athlete with good hip flexibility would have a longer stride length when running; and a spin bowler with good wrist flexibility would be able to impart more spin on the ball when bowling in cricket.10 Muscle Building Mistakes (KILLING GAINS!)
Two people of the same height and weight can look quite different if they have different amounts of body fat and muscle mass. The person with the greater muscle mass and lower body fat will have a higher resting metabolic rate.