Medieval architecture - Gothic and Romanesque - Europe | pugliablog.info Study Guides
The Middle Ages covered a thousand year span. The period began after the schism of the fifth century in which the Roman empire was split into east and west . Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. .. Religious teachings in the Middle Ages, particularly the writings of Religious Pseudo-Dionysius, The primary use of the Gothic style is in religious structures, naturally leading it to an association with the Church and it is . Gothic – This style prevailed between the 12th century and the 16th century in Europe. Mainly an architectural movement, Gothic was characterised by its.
The Church was all in all during medieval times. From the moment of its baptism a few days after birth, a child began its life of service to the Lord and to His Church. As the child developedit would be taught basic prayers- and unless ill- would go to church every week. Every person was required to pay heavy taxes to support the Church. In addition to collecting taxes, the Church also granted special favors for people who wanted assurance of a place in heaven.
Gifts in the form of land, crops, flocks, and even serfs scrambled into the coffers. All this largess allowed the Church to become very powerful. As a result, it often employed this power to influence kinds and do as they wanted.
If someone went against the Church, the Pope could excommunicate them. This meant that the person could not attend any more church services or receive the sacrament, thus ensuring that they would go straight to hell when they died.
At a time when everyone believed in heaven and hell, and all belonged to the Church, this excommunication was an unbearable horror. The population increased throughout the Middle Ages. As it expanded in the 12th century, the type of church that had previously been used for worship; the ones built in the Roman or Romanesque style, with round arched roofs, became too small. Some of the grand cathedrals became maxed to their structural limits. Although they built more mightily, going ever higher and larger, it appeared to be too much and these grander edifices collapsed within a century or less of their construction Enter the Middle Ages, 3.
Enter a man who was about to change the style of these Middle Age churches and with it, bring forth a whole new field of architecture- gothic.
Gothic architecture: an introduction
The building needed repairs, so he took on the reconstruction, bringing in the finest of workers from the Low countries and from Italy. Pilgrimages had been an important part of religious life in the Middle Ages as people journeyed to visit religious shrines.
Suger particularly admired Canterbury Cathedral for its stained glass windows. Desirous of creating a physical representation of the the Heavenly Jerusalem, Suger aimed for a place of light that would speak of the positive aspects of the religious life: Redemption as opposed to the hellfire and damnation that was constantly being sermonized in the dark and dank Romanesque churches. He and his team gave themselves to the reconstruction of the church.
After a four year renovation, the choir was completed in In a magnificent ceremony, complete with King Louis VI and Eleanor, and other notables, the church was dedicated to the Lord. With its thin columns, stained glass windows, and a sense of verticality, the choir of Saint Denis originated the elements that would be developed further during the Gothic period.
These brightly colored stained glass windows were decorated with parables and stories of the Bible that would help inform the illiterate in their faith.
The buttresses themselves became part of the decoration; the pinnacles became more and more ornate, becoming more and more elaborate, as at Beauvais Cathedral and Reims Cathedral. The arches had an additional practical purpose; they contained lead channels which carried rain water off the roof; it was expelled from the mouths of stone gargoyles placed in rows on the buttresses.
Gothic architecture - Wikipedia
Height[ edit ] Elevation of the early Noyon Cathedral ; Ground floor arcade of massive pillars supporting the roof; a second, smaller arcade, or tribune; the triforiuma narrow walkway; and top claire-voie with windows. Elevation of Nave at Chartres Cathedral The tribune has disappeared and windows have gotten higher.
Amiens Cathedral ; arcade, triforium and claire-voie. The increasing height of cathedrals over the Gothic period was accompanied by an increasing proportion of the wall devoted to windows, until, by the late Gothic, the interiors became like cages of glass. This was made possible by the development of the flying buttress, which transferred the thrust of the weight of the roof to the supports outside the walls.
As a result, the walls gradually became thinner and higher, and masonry was replaced with glass. The four-part elevation of the naves of early Cathedrals such as Notre-Dame arcade, tribune, triforium, claire-voie was transformed in the choir of Beauvais Cathedral to very tall arcades, a thin triforium, and soaring windows up to the roof.
A portion of the choir collapsed incausing alarm in all of the cities with very tall cathedrals. Romanesque Architecture is the term which is used to describe the building styles which were used between - AD. The name of this style of Middle Ages architecture leads to the immediate association with this style of architecture is with the Roman Empire.
The reason for this association are the similarities between Roman Architecture especially the Roman 'barrel vault' and the Roman arch.
- Gothic architecture
- Gothic architecture, an introduction
- Development of Gothic Architecture in Relationship to Medieval Society
The Middle Ages Romanesque Architecture was the first major style of architecture to be developed after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Stone used in Romanesque architecture was cut with precision The use of the Roman arch led to the stone being supported in the middle by the arch construction Buttresses were introduced as a means of support to the basic design in Romanesque architecture in Medieval Times The vault was developed to enable the construction of stone roofs.
Barrel or Tunnel Vaults - consisted of a continuous surface of semicircular or pointed sections resembling a barrel or tunnel which has been cut in half lengthwise. Groin Vaults were produced by the intersection, at right angles of two barrel vaults.