Emerging Synergy in India−Japan Relations. Rajaram Panda*. Abstract There is visible upswing in India−Japan ties. Favoured by history, few hiccups in the. The emerging India-Japan relationship has been met with extreme reactions – from enthusiasm and protests in India and Japan, to concern in. China's bilateral relationships with India and Australia play a determining role as to how Japan enlists both states in implementing the.
Koodankulam on the southernmost tip, Mithivirdi on the West Coast, Kovvada on the East, Chutka in the middle of the country, Gorakhpur close to the capital, and Domiasiat in the far Northeast which is being eyed by the nuclear establishment for uranium mining.
Protests in all of these places have been intense yet remarkably peaceful. People at the grassroots, including large numbers of women and children, have deployed non-violent forms of resistance over several years. Villagers marching in protest at reactors at Koodankulum Mass hunger strikes lasting several days, the peaceful siege of construction sites, sea-borne protests by fishermen on their boats, and thousands of people standing in the sea, are among the images that have been etched into our memory by the protests in Koodankulam.
Fishermen protest peacefully near the reactor in boats with black flags The Indian state, in stark contrast, has repeatedly resorted to brutal repression against the people. In response to protests, thousands of policemen surrounded the villages in Koodankulam for several days cutting off essential supplies including food and medicines, flying planes above protesting people to intimidate them, killing fishermen in Jaitapur and Koodankulam with indiscriminate firing and baton-charges, ransacking houses and destroying fishing boats.
Police enter Idinthikar and beat peaceful demonstrators These are among the televised instances of state violence against dissenting people. The passports of many youth in the region, who work as migrant labor in the Arabian Gulf, were impounded. The goverment has also refused to make public basic documents related to safety and the site-selection of Koodankulam and other reactors. The Supreme Court of India has recently given a go ahead to the Koodankulam reactors, overlooking the blatant violations of the regulator's own norms.
Not only have the judges given judicial sanctity to these contestable propositions, they have also completely overlooked the Koodankulam-specific violations of safety norms raised by the petitioners. This is perhaps the world's only reactor being commissioned without an independent assessment of its environmental impact, without a natural source of fresh water, with thousands of people living a mere metres from the reactor, and without accommodating the post-Fukushima lessons about the risk of housing the spent fuel pool in the main reactor building.
Proposed reactor projects in other places are being punished for violating such norms. It's cost in India is expected to triple. The Finnish regulator has taken Areva to court for safety violations and for undermining the terms of agreement.
The four reactors being built in Gorakhpur near New Delhi have almost no water source. The small canal intended to provide water to cool these reactors ran completely dry earlier this year. There are serious problems in the functioning of the Indian nuclear industry. India has a history of missing its nuclear power production targets miserably.
Not only has it been inefficient, it has been marked with dangerous accidentscover-ups and gross violation s of best practice standards.
This includes the hiring of casual workers for radiation-related work, employing them without adequate safety gear, training or health insurance, and getting away with impunity in cases of accident. Its nuclear regulator, the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, is a toothless body that is dependent on the same Department of Atomic Energy for funds and expertise that it is designed to regulate. Japanese corporations like Mitsubishi, Hitachi and Toshiba are slated to gain huge profits through these deals.
However these countries lack a nuclear safety culture and trained human resources, nor do they have significant experience in running nuclear facilities safely and accountably. Japan is also considering setting up a nuclear waste repository in Mongolia that has been fiercely opposed by local people.
Japan's policy to rehabilitate its nuclear corporations by promoting nuclear exports has been criticized domestically. In a recent editorial the Japan Times wrote: Abe is trying to promote the export of nuclear technology at a time when the nuclear crisis at Tokyo Electric Power Co.
Someof them still cannot return to their homes and communities due to radioactive contamination. In addition, important questions concerning the cause of the Fukushima nuclear crisis have yet to be resolved despite the studies by investigation committees set up by the government and the Diet. In her letter to the Japanese and Indian Prime Ministers on the eve of the agreement, Lalita Ramdas, an eminent Indian anti-nuclear and women's rights activist, wrote: Recent press reports speak of the Green Phoenix rising from the Ashes.
Their aim is to be totally self sufficient from renewable sources alone in Fukushima Prefecture by Imagine that India, China and Japan could together transform the global energy scenario into a safer, cleaner and certainly greener future. This could be a wonderful moment for Asia and one on which there is need for powerful, independent and collective leadership! However the surge in the growth rate over the last few years has been entirely jobless.
In fact a recent study concluded that India has had negative job growth. The major reason is that while growth is negative in the manufacturing sector, agriculture is facing its worst crisis in India's recorded history and is experiencing a sharp decline. Indian farmers' suicides is the only thing growing in its agriculture sector: The income gap in India is likely to become even worse in the coming years. One such collaborative project that found prominent mention in the joint statement is an instructive case.
The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor DMIC project is a highly eco-destructive project to develop a high-speed road of kms from Delhi to Mumbai and build mega cities along this road. Thousands of villages would be displaced, land owners would make huge profits, and the agriculture in 6 states would be ruined. The DMIC would require about 10, hectares for the road and 20, hectares for the industrial zone, tearing through densely populated states and farmland.
This is the biggest urbanization plan in India's history and would also mean its largest displacement of people — far more even than the bloody transfer of population during the India-Pakistan partition. To complete and sustain this project newer power plants and new mines would be required that would mean more displacement and the further erosion of India's rapidly depleting green cover.
These 6 states in North India produce most of its food grain and the farmers are largely dependent on river and groundwater. Even beyond the project area, farmers would face acute water crises since this project would suck dry their ground water and irrigation canals. A massive movement of farmers is already emerging against this project. Japan pursued nuclear energy vigorously in the last half of the 20th century despite being the victim of nuclear weapons, and it embraced the neoliberal model of capitalism.India-Japan Strategic Cooperation and Implications for Washington and Beijing
Both the Fukushima accident and the Japanese economy's decline over the last two decades should make it re-think the twin goals of neoliberal growth and the ongoing development of nuclear energy.
Buddhism and the intrinsically linked Indian culture had a great impact on Japanese culturestill felt today, and resulted in a natural sense of amiability between the two nations. The cultural exchanges between the two countries created many parallels in their folklore. Modern popular culture based upon this folklore, such as works of fantasy fiction in manga and animesometimes bear references to common deities devademons asura and philosophical concepts. The Indian goddess Saraswati for example, is known as Benzaiten in Japan.
Brahmaknown as 'Bonten', and Yamaknown as 'Enma', are also part of the traditional Japanese Buddhist pantheon.
In addition to the common Buddhist influence on the two societies, Shintoismbeing an animist religion, is similar to the animist strands of Hinduismin contrast to the religions present in the rest of the world, which are monotheistic.
It is also thought that the distinctive torii gateways at temples in Japan, may be related to the torana gateways used in Indian temples. In the 16th century, Japan established political contact with Portuguese colonies in India.
The Japanese initially assumed that the Portuguese were from India and that Christianity was a new " Indian faith ". These mistaken assumptions were due to the Indian city of Goa being a central base for the Portuguese East India Company and also due to a significant portion of the crew on Portuguese ships being Indian Christians.
Japan and the emerging Indo-Pacific strategy | The Japan Times
By the early 17th century, there was a community of Japanese traders in Goa in addition to Japanese slaves brought by Portuguese ships from Japan. The Anglo-Japanese Alliance was ended on 17 August As a result, during the two World Warsthe INA adopted the "an enemy of our enemy is our friend" attitude, legacy that is still controversial today given the war crimes committed by Imperial Japan and its allies.
Many Indian independence movement activists escaped from British rule and stayed in Japan. Naira student from India, became an Independence Movement activist. In Tokyo Imperial University set up a chair in Sanskrit and Paliwith a further chair in Comparative religion being set up in In this environment, a number of Indian students came to Japan in the early twentieth century, founding the Oriental Youngmen's Association in Their anti-British political activity caused consternation to the Indian Government, following a report in the London Spectator.
Over 2 million Indians participated in the war; many served in combat against the Japanese who conquered Burma and reached the Indian border.
They joined primarily because of the very harsh, often fatal conditions in POW camps. Bose was eager for the INA to participate in any invasion of India, and persuaded several Japanese that a victory such as Mutaguchi anticipated would lead to the collapse of British rule in India. The idea that their western boundary would be controlled by a more friendly government was attractive.
Also seen Subhas Chandra Bose statue in Tokyo. The judgement of Justice Radhabinod Pal is remembered even today in Japan. A relatively well-known result of the two nations' was inwhen India sent the Tokyo Zoo two elephants to cheer the spirits of the defeated Japanese empire. India's iron ore helped Japan's recovery from World War II devastation, and following Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi 's visit to India inJapan started providing yen loans to India inas the first yen loan aid extended by Japanese government.
Since the s, however, efforts were made to strengthen bilateral ties. Japan imposed sanctions on India following the test, which included the suspension of all political exchanges and the cutting off of economic assistance.
India–Japan relations - Wikipedia
These sanctions were lifted three years later. Relations improved exponentially following this period, as bilateral ties between the two nations improved once again,  to the point where the Japanese prime minister, Shinzo Abe was to be the chief guest at India's Republic Day parade. His visit further strengthened the ties between the two countries, and resulted in several key agreements, including the establishment of a "Special Strategic Global Partnership".
- Japan and the emerging Indo-Pacific strategy
During the meeting, India and Japan signed the "Agreement for Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy", a landmark civil nuclear agreement, under which Japan will supply nuclear reactors, fuel and technology to India. India is not a signatory to the non-Proliferation Treaty NPTand is the only non-signatory to receive an exemption from Japan.
This is the single largest overseas project being financed by Japan and reflected growing economic partnership between the two nations.