read: The Relationship between Amanda and Tom
Get an answer for 'Compare and contrast Tom and Amanda in The Glass Menagerie.' and find homework help for other The Glass Menagerie questions at eNotes. Amanda places her entire faith in trying to control her children. She avoids. Williams's first successful play The Glass Menagerie opened in Chicago on . In the play, Amanda, Tom and Laura are not ready to understand the reality. They are failures in . Both find difficult to adjust to normal social relationships—each more at home in a .. And when they lose each other, they lose God and they're. To Tom? How is the photograph a constant threat to Amanda and Laura's survival? Also Tom mentions Laura's peculiar habits - her care of the glass menagerie and her How does Othello view himself in this soliloquy Like God in the Old.
In fact, we can see Amanda as an ordinary woman who is somehow transfigured by the memory of her early life in Mississippi and who tries to pass the influence on to her children. She exaggerates her glories, like the number of gentlemen callers, but the idea of a very different way of life is real, and this is enough to establish her as the dominant interest in the play.
When she talks of Blue Mountain, her children patronize her and laugh behind her back. And then Amanda does not mind her son and daughter to relive the high life she recalls as a Southern belle. Tom wants to know how she managed to entertain all those gentlemen callers.
She knew the art of conversation, Amanda retorted. Yet, she also exhibits a fierce determination to overcome her grim circumstances, and often badgers her children about family responsibilities and planning for the future. Howell assumed that only Amanda, as the story progresses, does a definite meaning of the play emerge. In The Glass Menagerie, she is characterized as an extremely shy, even emotionally disturbed, young woman. Presented to have a slight physical impairment, Laura has a brace on her leg which makes her feel conspicuous.
Her collection of glass animals gives the play its title. She does not work, and she has been unable to complete a typing class because of her nervousness. Although she says she had once liked a boy in high school, she has never had and is unlikely to have any kind of romantic relationship.
Tennessee Williams frequently mentioned this lost lady throughout the play, who is not suited for the marriage game, cannot earn a living in the modern world, and has no role in modern fragmented family units.
In an earlier time, she would have been the spinster aunt, shuttled from one family member to another, becoming a collective obligation. By the s, families rarely lived in great, rambling houses with enough space to accommodate long-term visitors. The shrunken family, isolated from its relatives in its apartment or bungalow, crowded into big cities, had no space for the unwanted dependents. Portraying herself as a martyr to their needs, she actually requires their submission to feed her own pride, crippling Laura more by her outrageous expectations.
Taking it as a symbol of Laura herself, fragile and beautiful, the author plays with the more specific figure of the unicorn. Here we see the complete development of a complex idea, hinted at in the dialogue. We know from medieval literature that this mythical figure of unicorns is identified with virgins and therefore with sexuality. Delighted, Amanda immerses herself in plans for his visit, the prospect of a suitor for her daughter stirring memories of her own beaus in Blue Mountain.
Laura, however, is terrified and becomes physically ill when Jim arrives. In this case, Jim appeared as a spirited young man who believes in the power of self-improvement courses and the future of television. Incidentally, he is also the popular boy for whom Laura secretly had a crush on during high school. Left alone with Laura after dinner, he gradually sets her at ease with his personable manner and eventually persuades her to dance.
Thus, when Jim accidentally breaks off its horn, he has not transformed it into a horse: In some ways, this is what Amanda has done to Laura, distorted her true childish nature to make her seem like all the normal young ladies being courted by nice young gentlemen. He is a brother to Laura and a son to Amanda. Because of the misery and the machinations of his overbearing mother, Tom too dreams of abandoning the family, as his father had done.
He feels trapped between his job, where he often neglects his duties in order to write poetry, and in his home, where he is reprimanded for reading some modern literature which was considered scandalous during those times.
As a "poet with a job in a warehouse," he is alienated from his labor. As a result of alienation from his labor he is self-alienated.
The specialization in the capitalist system prevents him from developing to the total human and alienates him from his species life. The self- alienated worker becomes alienated from his family members and finally leaves them.
Fromm in Marx's Concept of Man writes Several distinguished philosophers such as Rousseau human "is not what he ought to be, and that he oughtHegelFeuerbach to be that which he could be" p. Alienation isKierkegaardMarxestrangement from what human could be.
Nietzscheand Heidegger paid serious attention to the notion of alienation. In the While Marx's theory of alienation is applicable to observation of the philosophical concerns of these every kind of person, this paper focuses on the thinkers a point of convergence may be found in the working class in the capitalist society, because "Marx assertion that our condition as human beings, for the assumed that the alienation …, while existing most part, exists in alienation.
Marx believed that alienation is a systematic result of capitalism. To Karl Marx the problems of the system This paper mainly refers to Marx's definition of were apparent when the capitalist system was still alienation because Marx was the most closely asso- young. According to Marx, aliena- industrial and scientific forces, which no epoch tion, "entfremdung" in German, is not rooted in the of the former human history had ever suspected.
In our days everything seems pregnant Alienation [means] loss of control, specifically the with its contrary. The new-fangled sources of definitions, namely, "the action of estranging, or the wealth, by some strange weird spell, are turned state of estrangement," and "the action of transferring into sources of want. The victories of art seem ownership to another" Onions,p. Hooti highlights For Marx labor is the distinguishing mark between "the problematic nature of the theme of alienation in human and animals.
It is a means of self-expression, the twentieth century" p. It "is not only a makes mention of various versions of alienation as a means to an end—the product—but an end in itself, prevalent theme in contemporary American fiction p.
The present paper elaborates on the notion of alienation, based on Marx's ideas, and In Alienated Labor Marx explains how this enjoyable traces it in the character of Tom Wingfield, one of the labor turns into an alienated one. First, Paller,p.
The Glass Menagerie at the that the work is external to the worker, that this same time that the writer acknowledges the play itself is not part of his nature; and that, consequently, is so filled with various suggestions of atmosphere and character that any analysis in a space less than the he does not fulfill himself in his work but denies play itself would not do justice to it.
It is not the "There is a powerful sense … that the animating satisfaction of a need, but only a means for myths of America have failed those who look for satisfying other needs. Its alien character is some structure to their lives" Bigsby,p. VIIis the breadwinner of the the plague. External labor, labor in which man family. He can be deemed the most significant alienates himself, is a labor of self-sacrifice, of character of the play "for we see not the characters but mortification.
Finally, the external character of Tom's memory of them" King,p. He is an the work for the worker is shown by the fact that alienated worker. The alienation from labor leads to it is not his own work but work for someone his alienation from his family, and finally he leaves else, that in work he does not belong to himself home. The Glass Menagerie is "the great American but to another person" Marx,pp. Tom Wingfield is "a poet in a warehouse" concept of alienation divides into four branches: It is not surprising if a poet alienation of individuals from their labor, from be alienated in such a place.
The temper of work in a themselves, from human's species life, and from other warehouse does not satisfy his poetic ambitions; he human beings. Her mother, Amanda understands To grasp the "alienation of labor" intended by Marx the fact, but she believes that he has to "make one should realize what labor according to the sacrifices" As indicated above, in the passage German philosopher means.
He believes, quoted from Marx, the alienated labor is a "labor of "Labor is, in the first place, a process in which self-sacrifice. Marx man of his own accord starts, regulates, and writes "The worker therefore feels himself at home controls the material relation between himself only during his leisure time, whereas at work he feels and nature.
The Matriarch Behind William’s The Glass Menagerie Essay
He opposes himself to nature as one homeless" p. To compensate for this self- of her own forces, setting in motions arms and sacrifice Tom goes to the movies. In Scene IV, in a legs, head and hands, the natural forces of his dialogue with Amanda, he mentions this fact and his body, in order to appropriate nature's produc- alienation from labor.
Tom I go to the movies because—I like "If the product of labor is alien to [the worker] and adventure. These ques- After this dialogue the image on the screen is sailing tions are answered in the following part.
Marx's answer to the questions is "The alien being to According to Marxalienated worker "does whom labor and the product of labor belong, to whose not develop freely his mental and physical energies service labor is devoted, and to whose enjoyment but is physically exhausted and mentally debased" p.
The physical exhaustion and the mental Then he explains what is self-alienation, how it debasement of Tom are depicted in the following comes to existence, and in what ways it is the result of dialogue.
That's why you act "The relationship of labor to the act of produc- like this. I don't believe that you go tion within labor. This is the relationship of the every night to the movies. Nobody in worker to his own activity as something alien their right minds goes to the movies and not belonging to him, activity as suffering as often as you pretend to. People passivitystrength as powerlessness, creation don't go to the movies at nearly as emasculation, the personal physical and midnight, and movies don't let out at mental energy of the worker, his personal life two A.
This is self- to work. Oh, I can't picture the way alienation as against the above-mentioned you are doing down there. Moping, alienation of the thing" pp. In this first mode of alienation that is alienated labor, Tom wildly No, I'm in no condition. So this mode of Through an alienated labor the product becomes so alienation is a form of alienation in the outside world.
In Scene VI Tom expresses his attitude of the worker.
- The Glass Menagerie opens PECT’s 11th season Saturday
He leans over the process because the worker is working to produce rail speaking with quiet exhilaration. He looks like a voyager. Mendoza [his Amanda shrilly Don't use that— employer] or even a night-school course Tom Supposed to do! Not in my— Williams,p. Have you gone out of Again the image on the screen is the sailing vessel your senses?
Tom I have, that's true, driven out! Marx Tom Look—I've got no thing, no single answers, "Thus alienated labor turns the species life of thing— man … into an alien being …. It alienates from man Amanda Lower your voice! John believes "Marx considers as social Williams,p. Marx writes "The more the worker expands That is why Tom does not enjoy not only in his himself in [the alienated] work the more powerful work and communal activities, but also in his becomes the world of objects which he creates in face entertainments such as going to the movies.
The failure in the development of the total human is Tom as an alienated worker in the warehouse has the result of "alienation from man's species life. Even his self does not Fromm writes, belong to him. His alienated labor in the warehouse "Marx's central criticism of capitalism is not the leads to his self-alienation. This is what Marx calls injustice in the distribution of wealth; it is the self-alienation of the worker which is the result of perversion of labor into forced, alienated, alienated labor.
Tom's act of drinking can be viewed as individuality is succinctly expressed in his vision a reaction to his self-alienation. Under the influence of of the complete abolition of lifelong submersion alcohol he forgets the misery of self-alienation. As an of a man in one occupation. Since the aim of human development is that of the development alienated worker in the warehouse his labor seems of the total, universal man, man must be "something alien and not belonging to [himself]" emancipated from the crippling influence of Marx,p.
One of the functions of the drink specialization" [italics mine] p.
The Glass Menagerie by pugliablog.infom | Daniyal Wali - pugliablog.info
In the same way, Cox, too, in his An Introduction to Marx's drunken Tom can consider himself as someone else to Theory of Alienation, refers to people's involvement whom his labor belongs, so he gets rid of his self- in "different branches of production or crafts" prior to alienation for a short period of time.
In all previous societies," Marx writes, human To realize what Marx means by "alienation from has been "a hunter, a fisherman, a shepherd, or a man's species life" one should, first of all, become critical critic," but the capitalist system "mutilate[s] familiar with human as a "species-being.
Then he instincts are given much play in the warehouse! Warehouse symbolizes capi- as a "species-being" through following lines. According to Dupre, there is an ominous "It is just in his work upon the objective world "antisocial quality" attributed to the division of labor that man really proves himself as a species- as cited in Reynolds,p.
Each of "a being. This production is his active species life. The object of labor is, therefore, the human. Since they are not considered in a warehouse, objectification of man's species life; for he no an alienated worker like Tom is mutilated "into a longer produces himself merely intellectually, as fragment of a man. It humans is a direct consequence of the three modes of is illuminating that he says "if self is what I thought alienation previously discussed.