Production management | industrial engineering | pugliablog.info
Industrial engineering is an inter-disciplinary profession that is concerned with the optimization such as operations management, Industrial engineering is a longstanding engineering In Henry Laurence Gantt developed the Gantt chart which outlines actions the organization along with their relationships. Operations and Supply Chain Management. Fundamentals of Supply Chain Management: Twelve Drivers of. Industrial and Production Engineering (IPE) is an interdisciplinary engineering discipline that includes manufacturing technology, engineering sciences, management science, and . Job design: the specification of contents, methods and relationship of jobs in order to satisfy technological and organizational requirements as.
The work machines, which are often automated CNC machines, are connected by a material handling system to optimize parts flow, and to a central control computer, which controls material movements and machine flow. The main advantages of an FMS is its high flexibility in managing manufacturing resources like time and effort in order to manufacture a new product.
Industrial engineering - Wikipedia
The best application of an FMS is found in the production of small sets of products from a mass production. Computer integrated manufacturing[ edit ] Main article: Computer-integrated manufacturing Computer-integrated manufacturing CIM in engineering is a method of manufacturing in which the entire production process is controlled by computer. Traditionally separated process methods are joined through a computer by CIM. This integration allows the processes to exchange information and to initiate actions.
Industrial and production engineering - Wikipedia
Through this integration, manufacturing can be faster and less error-prone, although the main advantage is the ability to create automated manufacturing processes. Typically CIM relies on closed-loop control processes based on real-time input from sensors. It is also known as flexible design and manufacturing.
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- Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering
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Friction stir welding[ edit ] Main article: The Institute of Industrial Engineers IIE is currently in the process of developing a specific industrial engineering body of knowledge. Additionally, industrial engineering terminology defines specific terms related to the industrial engineering profession.
Definitions used in this section are from this reference. The elements of IE include the following: Operations Engineering Operations engineering involves the management and control aspects of IE and works to ensure that all the necessary requirements are in place to effectively execute a business.
Key areas of knowledge in this field include: Concepts such as materials requirements planning and enterprise resource planning find their roots in this domain.
Operations Research Operations research is the organized and systematic analysis of complex situations, such as if there is a spike in the activities of organizations of people and resources. The analysis makes use of certain specific disciplinary methods, such as probability, statistics, mathematical programming, and queuing theory.
The purpose of operations research is to provide a more complete and explicit understanding of complex situations, to promote optimal performance utilizing the all the resources available. Models are developed that describe deterministic and probabilistic systems and these models are employed to aid the decision maker. Knowledge areas in operations research include linear programming, network optimization, dynamic programming, integer programming, nonlinear programming, metaheuristics, decision analysis and game theory, queuing systems, and simulation.
Classic applications include the transportation problem and the assignment problem. Included in this knowledge area is classic tool and fixture design, selection of machines to produce product, and machine design.
Closely related to production engineering, work design involves such activities as process, procedural and work area design, which are geared toward supporting the efficient creation of goods and services.
Knowledge in work simplification and work measurement are crucial to work design. These elements form a key foundation, along with other knowledge areas in IE, for lean principles.
Facilities Engineering and Energy Management Facilities engineering involves attempting to achieve the optimal organization in factories, buildings, and offices.
In addition to addressing the aspects of the layout inside a facility, individuals in this field also possess knowledge of material and equipment handling as well as storage and warehousing. This area also involves the optimal placement and sizing of facilities according to the activities they are required to contain. An understanding of code compliance and use of standards is incorporated. The energy management aspect of this area encompasses atmospheric systems and lighting and electrical systems.
Through the development of responsible management of resources in the energy management domain, industrial engineers have established a basis in sustainability. Ergonomics Ergonomics is the application of knowledge in the life sciences, physical sciences, social sciences, and engineering that studies the interactions between the human and the total working environment, such as atmosphere, heat, light and sound, as well as the interactions of all tools and equipment in the workplace.
The production manager must plan and control the process of production so that it moves smoothly at the required level of output while meeting cost and quality objectives. Process control has two purposes: When more than one product is involved, complex industrial engineering or operations research procedures are required to analyze the many factors that impinge on the problem.
Inventory control is another important phase of production management.
Inventories include raw materials, component parts, work in process, finished goods, packing and packaging materials, and general supplies. Although the effective use of financial resources is generally regarded as beyond the responsibility of production management, many manufacturing firms with large inventories some accounting for more than 50 percent of total assets usually hold production managers responsible for inventories.
Not carrying an item can result in delays in getting needed parts or supplies, but carrying every item at every location can tie up huge amounts of capital and result in an accumulation of obsolete, unusable stock.