The Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law: An Indian . goal, which signifies the protection of citizens from violation of their. *Role of the Constitution and administrative Law,. *Constitutional society, the relationship of the administrative authorities and the people have economic goals for the achievement of which the Indian constitution has been conceived and. Administrative law is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of administration (art. 37 of Federal Constitution): legality, impersonality, publicity of administrative acts, morality and efficiency. . It serves the purpose to ensure a treatment in accordance with the rule of law by the public authority.
A case named Entick v. Carrington  is a constitutional principle deriving from the common law. John Entick 's house was searched and ransacked by Sherriff Carrington. Carrington argued that a warrant from a Government minister, the Earl of Halifax was valid authority, even though there was no statutory provision or court order for it. The court, led by Lord Camden stated that, "The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property.
That right is preserved sacred and incommunicable in all instances, where it has not been taken away or abridged by some public law for the good of the whole. By the laws of England, every invasion of private property, be it ever so minute, is a trespass If no excuse can be found or produced, the silence of the books is an authority against the defendant, and the plaintiff must have judgment.
Common law nations, such as those in the Commonwealth as well as the United States, derive their legal systems from that of the United Kingdom, and as such place emphasis on judicial precedent,     whereby consequential court rulings especially those by higher courts are a source of law. Civil law jurisdictions, on the other hand, place less emphasis on judicial review and only the parliament or legislature has the power to effect law.
As a result, the structure of the judiciary differs significantly between the two, with common law judiciaries being adversarial and civil law judiciaries being inquisitorial.
Common law judicatures consequently separate the judiciary from the prosecution,    thereby establishing the courts as completely independent from both the legislature and law enforcement. Human rights law in these countries is as a result, largely built on legal precedent in the courts' interpretation of constitutional law, whereas that of civil law countries is almost exclusively composed of codified law, constitutional or otherwise.
Parliamentary procedure Another main function of constitutions may be to describe the procedure by which parliaments may legislate. For instance, special majorities may be required to alter the constitution.
Administrative Law in Canada | The Canadian Encyclopedia
In bicameral legislatures, there may be a process laid out for second or third readings of bills before a new law can enter into force. Alternatively, there may further be requirements for maximum terms that a government can keep power before holding an election. Study of constitutional law[ edit ] The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of the subject.
You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Constitutional law is a major focus of legal studies and research. Administrative Litigation Law was amended in The General Administrative Procedure Law is under way. Special administrative courts include the National Court of Asylum Right as well as military, medical and judicial disciplinary bodies.
The French body of administrative law is called "droit administratif".
Administrative Law in Canada
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. June Germany[ edit ] Administrative law in Germany, called "Verwaltungsrecht" de: Verwaltungsrecht Deutschlandgenerally rules the relationship between authorities and the citizens and therefore, it establishes citizens' rights and obligations against the authorities.
It is a part of the public law, which deals with the organization, the tasks and the acting of the public administration. It also contains rules, regulations, orders and decisions created by and related to administrative agencies, such as federal agencies, federal state authorities, urban administrations, but also admission offices and fiscal authorities etc.
Administrative law in Germany follows three basic principles. Principle of the legality of the authority, which means that there is no acting against the law and no acting without a law. Principle of legal security, which includes a principle of legal certainty and the principle of nonretroactivity Principle of proportionality, which says that an act of an authority has to be suitable, necessary and appropriate  Administrative law in Germany can be divided into general administrative law and special administrative law.
General administrative law[ edit ] The general administration law is basically ruled in the administrative procedures law Verwaltungsverfahrensgesetz [VwVfG]. It serves the purpose to ensure a treatment in accordance with the rule of law by the public authority. Furthermore, it contains the regulations for mass processes and expands the legal protection against the authorities. The VwVfG basically applies for the entire public administrative activities of federal agencies as well as federal state authorities, in case of making federal law.
It defines the administrative act, the most common form of action in which the public administration occurs against a citizen. It is an official act  of an authority  in the field of public law  to resolve an individual case  with effect to the outside. The VwGO is divided into five parts, which are the constitution of the courts,  action, remedies and retrial, costs and enforcement15 and final clauses and temporary arrangements.
Administrative law - Wikipedia
Therefore, it is necessary to have the existence of a conflict in public law  without any constitutional aspects  and no assignment to another jurisdiction. Special administrative law[ edit ] The special administrative law consists of various laws.
Each special sector has its own law. There are federal courts with special jurisdiction in the fields of social security law Bundessozialgericht and tax law Bundesfinanzhof.
June Italy[ edit ] Administrative law in Italy, known as "'Diritto amministrativo", is a branch of public lawwhose rules govern the organization of the public administration and the activities of the pursuit of the public interest of the public administration and the relationship between this and the citizens. Its genesis is related to the principle of division of powers of the State. The administrative power, originally called "executive", is to organize resources and people whose function is devolved to achieve the public interest objectives as defined by the law.