Relationship between passover and eucharist definition

The Passover Meal, the Seder, and the Eucharist | Marg Mowczko

relationship between passover and eucharist definition

It also looks at the Seder of early Judaism and the Eucharist of early Christianity. The rituals of the Passover meal, and the meaning behind these . to the day of Passover, that the association of the Passover with Jesus'. If there is a solid connection between Passover and communion, why .. instead of humoring your semantic distractions over the definitions of. celebrated the Passover every year and he knew its deep meaning. Having this What are the relation between Passover and Eucharist? fundamental thing in connection with Eucharist is the context in which Last Supper was done. The.

relationship between passover and eucharist definition

The altar has become a table, with candlesticks or not, as you wish - but they are like the candles on the banquet table at any rate with or without a nice tablecloth.

Without sacraments it is possible to use anything for the meal, grape juice is the favourite of abstemious folk. A Methodist minister friend once used Ritz crackers and orange juice for a eucharist.

Since there are nopriests any more even though you might want to call someone a "priest" for sacrifice, anyone who is head of family can preside at the Christian Passover table - even mother, has v'shalom!

And certainly there is no suggestion of sacrifice and of giving something up. Problems with this Interpretation of Passover One boulder could not be pulled out of this new-ploughed field, however. And it is a boulder put there by St. In I Corinthians 5: Their blood was smeared on the doorposts to keep the angel of death out of Hebrew houses [9] and their roasted flesh was to be eaten and the leftovers to be burnt. Nowhere is it suggested that these lambs were sacrifices, much less offerings for sin.

Nor does the smearing of blood on the lintels seem to ever extend as a feature of the keeping of Passover in the future. There is no avoiding the fact that the Passover table celebration, from the very beginning, has nothing in its celebration to suggest, even remotely, the forgiveness of sin. Nor do any of the commandments of how Passover is to be kept ever imply that by doing them sin is affected.

In fact, originally there was not even a table, as the meat was to be roasted and eaten standing and dressed for immediate travel. Another stumbling block in the field for those of the Protestant persuasion is the Epistle to the Hebrews which insists on talking about priests and the high priest as a central feature of Christianity, whether it be according to the traditions of Aaron, of the wilderness, or of Melchizedek in the Solomonic Temple.

Sacrifice and priesthood, together with all their accoutrements belong at the heart of Christianity from the beginning and pertain directly to Holy Week and the Mass. The Mass How does the Passover, in its traditional meaning, fit in with the Mass? The relationship between the Mass as sacrifice and Holy Week with Passover requires first a proper understanding of what Passover is all about. It is not about the table and the meal; these are only the framework upon which is hung the real purpose of keeping Passover.

relationship between passover and eucharist definition

The Hebrew name for the liturgy of Passover is Haggadah, the Story or the Recollection - Catholic liturgy calls it the anamnesis.

The real purpose of the Passover is to re-iterate the entire story of everything from Israel's first Passover in Egypt [11] all the way to the entry into the Promised Land, and the hope for the future expressed in the acclamation "Next year in Jerusalem". The story is found inExodus through the first chapters of the Book of Joshua. And it is why Israel did not keep the Passover in the time of Judges and Kings - they were making a new Story of the Promised Land and their life in it. Yet when that story began to pale in the latter days of the kingdom with constant threats of invasion and destruction, King Josiah ordained that they go back to the old Story of the wilderness and search for maps of renewal and restoration of the purity of the wilderness.

Josiah was clearly seeking a "back to basics" retrospective, and Jesus, confronted by the same threats of Israel's destruction by the Romans, is equally retrospective concerning the events of the Wilderness Story. Following Josiah's reformation we hear nothing of Passover until the exiles returned from Babylon, almost years after Josiah's reign.

When the new Temple was finished, a great Passover celebration was held in the time of Ezra the Scribe with the eating of the Passover lambs. Then they kept the Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days. Beyond this occasion, Scripture is silent. From the beginning Israel is required by God to re-tell the Story regularly in earlier times it was less frequently - perhaps every seven years as though the story were a current event, so that every generation of children might become a part of the event.

On the top of the Ark was the Mercy Seat, the very throne of God, with the cherubim as armrests. Thus the Ark is the very presence of God on earth, the holy place and residence of His Name. It is God's throne, for He is the King of all the earth. Our Father Who art really in heaven, hallowed be Thy Name. The presence of God on earth and His concern for Israel are truly the first and primary issue of the wilderness tradition. Thy will be done, on earth as in heaven.

relationship between passover and eucharist definition

In the wilderness, unencumbered by the details of urban or farming life, Israel is able to receive God's Law, His will, on Mt. Sinai and through the explication of His servant Moses. Give us this day our daily bread.

In the Ark was kept some of the manna which sustained Israel for one day at a time and taught them faith in God. Don't worry about tomorrow's bread; as God gave it to you today, trust Him that He will provide again tomorrow. And forgive us our sins as we forgive each other when they offend us.

In the Ark was also kept the almond staff of Aaron, the anointed High Priest the Messiah whose task it was to bring the forgiveness of sin through the sacrifice of the atonement lamb. Israel cannot live without regular reconciliation with God. Lead us not into ways of temptation and deliver us from the hands of the evil inclination. The movement of the Ark was the indication of God's leadership and invitation to follow Him.

Because of the sin of the golden calf, God at first refused to go with His people; He offered, rather, to send an angel, "for I fear that I will annihilate you on the way, for you are a stubborn people. Thus we read in Psalm Passover and the Sacrifice for Sin What of sin and sacrifice? The great and fundamental original Sin of the wilderness story occurs at the very moment that Moses is receiving the law but before he gives it to the people and therefore has nothing to do with law-breaking!

It is SIN, not sins. Moses has led the people to the foot of Sinai and commands them to wait while he goes up the mountain to consult God. However, the people become afraid, Jesus says more often "Do not be afraid" than even "Love one another" in the New Testament.

How does the Last Supper relate to Passover?

Their fear leads them to make a calf of gold and to worship it as God, led by Moses' brother Aaron. The fundamental and original Sin of Israel and indeed humankind generallythen, is clearly idolatry and replacing God withthe God of Self and the fabrications of self.

It is addressed by the First Great Commandment: Moses stands before God's wrath and pleads for time so that he can fix things, suggesting to God that wiping out a people whom He had just taken so much trouble in saving from Egypt would be very bad public relations in Egypt. God is temporarily assuaged. Moses rushes down the mountain, calls his brother Levites to himself, and begins to clean up the chaos of the idolatry in the camp. The Levites are at this point made the guardians of the Law and the order of God's people - they become the priests sacrifice was not a major function of the levitical priests at the beginning.

Knowing that God is only on hold, Moses rushes back up the mountain and confronts God's anger again. But if You will not, if there is still an outstanding debt, take my life in the stead of theirs. This is the atonement sacrifice that restores the relationship with God, Aaron's life for the people's. Aaron becomes theHigh Priest of Israel at this point, whose major function is the offering of his life for the ransom of the people.

relationship between passover and eucharist definition

Moses anoints him and pours the oil on his head so that it runs down his beard. Aaron is the Anointed One, the Messiah who suffers allows his life to be given annually for the people [13] - the Suffering Servant. The King Messiah of the House of David is a much later, non-wilderness institution which after Solomon applied only to the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and while God made an everlasting covenant with David's house, the kings were, for the most part, more trouble than they were worth in Israel's tradition, and certainly only secondary.

What of the lamb? Some Scripture scholars note that only women carried water jars. However, among the Essenes, a conservative and separatist group from the Pharisee-Sadducee establishment, men did carry large water jars for their ritual ablutions with water.

The Relationship between the Passover and the Mass: Catholic and Protestant Understandings.

The Essenes also followed a different calendar, again posing the possibility of an earlier Passover celebration. So now we can draw a quick summary: On Good Friday, he was condemned by Pilate and crucified. During this time, the lambs were being slaughtered in the temple, preparing for the official Passover meal that took place that evening after sunset.

Jesus is buried before sunset. Therefore, Jesus celebrated a Passover, but His own, new Passover, on Holy Thursday evening, not the Passover of the old covenant celebrated on Friday evening. In the Passover of the old covenant, a one-year-old, unblemished, male lamb was sacrificed, roasted and eaten with unleavened bread.


Note the Gospels made no mention of procuring or sharing a Passover lamb which would not have been available until Friday afternoon when He is crucified. However, Jesus, sinless, is the new Passover Lamb. Even His bones were not broken on the cross Jn By His blood the new and everlasting covenant is made. By His sacrifice, a new Exodus takes place — freedom from the slavery of sin and the hope of entry into the promised land of heaven.

Unlike the Passover lamb that was sacrificed and eaten, Jesus rose from the dead. While the Passover of the old covenant was eaten among family members with the father presiding, the new Passover is eaten among the members of the church with the Lord presiding.

The Passover of the old covenant involved the sharing of four cups of wine —first, the kiddush cup, or the cup of sanctification; second, the haggadah cup, or the cup of proclamation at which time the father recounts the Exodus event; third, the berakah cup, or blessing cup, drunk after the meal was finished; and fourth, the zebah todah cup, or the cup of thanksgiving at which time the Hallel Psalms — was sung.

Consider the Last Supper: Essentially, this farewell meal was not the old Passover, but the new one, which Jesus accomplished in this context. And in this sense He both did and did not celebrate the Passover: The old rituals could not be carried out — when their time came, Jesus had already died.

But He had given Himself, and thus He had truly celebrated the Passover with them.

The Eucharist and the Old Testament Passover