Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X meet at the U.S. Senate on March 26, , after a hearing on the Civil Rights Act. (The Library of. The differences between Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. are often Little was active in the United Negro Improvement Association and a. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were both civil rights leaders during the s, The major difference between the two was their attitude towards whites.
But the two most prominent leaders of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States in the ss, Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr, only met each other once, and even then it was almost by accident. It was on March 26,in Washington, D. Malcolm had come to the US Senate to attend a debate about civil rights.
After it was over, he slipped into the back row of a nearby news conference of Martin Luther King Jr. At the end of it, Martin left through one door, and Malcolm quickly slipped out of another one and stopped King in his path. Growing Up The tensions between the two men, which become clear in this encounter, had their roots in life experiences from long before either of them became involved in the Civil Rights Movement.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr. - iHistory
Martin was born infour years after Malcolm. Both were the sons of politically active Baptist preachers, so from an early age both were exposed to active resistance to the racism prevalent in American society at a time.🇺🇸 Malcolm X versus Martin Luther King Jr - Al Jazeera English
By the end of the s, when Malcolm was only a teenager, his mother had been admitted to a mental asylum. Martin, by stark contrast, fared well throughout the Great Depression as the son a prosperous religious leader. His father was an anti-racism activist, and this meant that Martin, too, suffered accordingly at the hands of racists, even to the point that Martin almost attempted suicide at one point.
As he became an adult, Malcolm became involved in drug use and criminal activity, and he developed a resistance of resisting all authority — which quickly landed him in jail.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King
The specificity of the NOI left Malcolm unexposed and uninterested in the much broader subjects of black history and culture, and, more recently, the Civil Rights Movement. But after such a traumatic childhood, he enjoyed his place in the NOI, as it gave him a sense of belonging and purpose. Martin, by contrast, not only attended university but also found much more positively inspiring role models than Elijah Muhammed to look up to as he joined the struggle for civil rights, in which Malcolm had a slight headstart.
But Martin had other advantages in this inadvertent race, such as the fact that he was a Baptist leader, and Baptism was the most common religious affiliation of African-Americans at the time.
By the s, Malcolm had risen in the ranks of the NOI and become the most active advocate of its black supremacist knock-off of Islam. But by then Martin was the most popular leader of the Civil Rights Movement in the country. And it was probably at this point, in the mids, that Malcolm and Martin first became aware of each other.
Early Activism Their disagreements started off right then and there. Malcolm and the NOI were rejected, and from that point on Malcolm repeatedly tried to meet with Martin, and Martin repeatedly ignored him.
InMartin rejected two offers from Malcolm, the first to a debate-type event and the second to speak at a rally that Malcolm had organized in New York City. Nor could Martin continue to ignore his fiercest black critic, who was becoming increasingly popular among politically-active black youth. In his youth, there was no hope, no preaching, teaching or movements of nonviolence… and yet he possessed a native intelligence and drive which demanded an outlet and means of expression.
Malcolm X and Martin Luther King | USA | Al Jazeera
Malcolm] would talk less of violence, because violence is not going to solve our problem. Only a few months later, in earlyMalcolm made his famous hajj, or Islamic pilgrimage to Makkah.
He returned a changed man — no longer a member of the NOI, no longer a black supremacist, and now truly a Muslim and more open to working together with Martin and other leaders he had previously criticized. Be defenceless in the face of one of the most cruel beasts that has ever taken a people into captivity. That's just the American white man," Malcolm X said. TV was young in the United States and King intuitively understood how to use the medium to highlight a non-violent black protest movement against white racist aggression.
In Washington, King continued his political work with a group of senators sympathetic to his ideas.
After a hearing about the Civil Rights Act in Washington inthey finally met face to face. Each of us has a little bit of Martin and a little bit of Malcolm in us. Malcolm represents that blackness in us, that sense that we don't want white people messing with us.
Meeting in the Middle: The Forgotten Relationship of Malcolm X and MLK Jr.
Malcolm represents that fire, that fight that refuses to let anybody define who we are. King represents our desire to get along with everybody, including whites. Our desire to want to create a society for all people, defined by non-violence, love and care for all people in the society," says Cone. On February 21,Malcolm X was assassinated in New York, bringing an end to one of the most famous political debates in the history of black Americans.
Martin Luther King gave his public reaction a few days later: He had slogans that were catchy and that people listened to, but I don't think he ever pointed out the solution to the problem. He became a memory, a revolutionary consciousness for a generation of young blacks.
Chanted in the ghettos, word of his death would resonate like a revenge on King. A few days later, at his funeral, the black community was not only mourning its national leader three years after the violent death of Malcolm X, it was laying to rest the two dreams that shaped the history of African Americans.