Classical Chinese poetry forms
We could equally ask whether comics are concrete poems. whether one sort of art form is identical to, or a sub-form, of another art form. poem contain non- textual, purely visual elements), the relationship between the two. In other words, the parent form—the prose poem—is elevated by the of the relationship between author and editor” (Clements and Dunham ). .. of poems—fables are his sub-form of this sub-genre of choice—told in. Seeds of Resistance Poetry SUBform E4rth is my Flesh. Uploaded . year's theme reminds us about the relationship of womyn to Mother Earth and her 4.
A rhapsody on the royal hunt, and the vast slaughter of creatures powerless to save themselves from the majestic power of the royal hunt for the enjoyment of the ruler also invites the reader to make a comparison with the nature of imperial political power in human society. Criticism in fu of the current social or political situation was traditionally done in the most restrained and indirect way possible: For example, a traditional fu theme during the Han dynasty was the unfair treatment of scholar-official Qu Yuanat the hands of high-ranking officials in the former Kingdom of Chu: Part of the poetic tradition was to actively engage the reader as a participant in the process of a poetic experience; and, although not a purely poetic form, the fu shares this feature of providing a space where the reader and the author can meet half way, and in the case of the fu this tends to be an engagement with social or political criticism.
As Hellmut Wilhelm puts it: All types have one feature in common: The few examples that are positive in tone recommend the authors or their peers for employment, or even contain specific political suggestions.
In short, almost all fu have a political purport, and, in addition, almost all of them deal with the relationship between the ruler and his officials. History of fu poetry The fu form is associated with the influence of Chu literature, as anthologized in the Chuci and it had a great flourishing during the beginning of the Han dynasty founded BCE.
Examples of fu Many examples of fu exist, some number of which have been translated into French, English, and other languages. For example, " Return to the Field ", by Zhang Heng 78— Fu people Various persons are prominent in the area of fu literature, including original authors, anthologists, critics, and translators. Consort Ban is also credited with authoring several Han fu. In the field of criticism and fu authorship, Lu Ji's 's Wen fu is an important work, which was later rendered into English by Achilles Fang.
The Wen Xuan anthologized by Xiao Tong is an important source work for surviving fu, including fu which he attributes to Song Yu. Tang dynasty During the Tang dynasty fu revival, the fu form was used by Li Baiamong others. Old Style Poetry Gushi Main article: Gushi poetry Gushi  is the style based upon older forms of shibut allowing new additions to the corpus unlike the fixed corpus of the "classic shi" of the Shijing. One type of poetry imitative of "old" poetic forms is the Literary Yuefu.
The literary yuefu include imitations in the style of original Han Dynasty ballad lyrics or imitations of the original "Southern-style" ballad lyrics from the Six Dynasties.
Nineteen Poems Main article: Nineteen Old Poems The Nineteen Old Poems,  sometimes shortened to Nineteen Poems, and also known in English transliteration as Ku-shih shih-chiu shih, refers both to a specific collection of poems as well as to the style in which those poems were composed. The original nineteen poems, in the ballad or old yuefu style, were collected during the Han Dynasty.
Yuefu Yuefu were a development of the forms of poetic literature collected by or edited by the Han Dynasty Music Bureau.
In later dynasties the term yuefu "Music Bureau" was used to identify these officially propagated ballad-style poems, as well as being used as a descriptor for poems in the yuefu style, as it came to be elaborated by following poets.
These later yuefu were sometimes distinguished from the classic anthology pieces by qualifying these yuefu as "new" or "literary" "yuefu". New yuefu This is the style, consisting of several subdivisions, of those poems based upon the poems and the style of the poems of the former Han Dynasty Music Bureau, after it had ceased to exist.
New pattern poems jintishi Main article: Regulated verse Regulated verse, or jintishi  includes three subforms. Although, to a quick glance not necessarily all that different from regular line length yuefu in terms of line length in characters per line, or numbers of lines, there are internally a whole "new" at the time of their introduction, in the Tang dynasty set of rules or regulations, for example regarding tonal patterns, parallelism, repetition of characters.
Eight-line Regulated Verse lushi Main article: Lushi poetry Lushi  refers to the regulated, or strict formal rules, of this poetry form. It is most associated with the eight-line style, although the same rules basically apply to the curtailed form jueju and the expanded form pailu.
Five-character eight-line regulated verse wulu A form of regulated verse with eight lines of five characters each. Six-character eight-line regulated verse is relatively rare. For example, Fiction is a subform of Prose and Novel is a subform of Fiction. Novels, Novellas, Short Stories, and works of Graphic Fiction are all subforms of Fiction and each is a form in its own right. Because a form is always broader in scope than any of its subforms, forms have a hierarchical relationship to their subforms.
In a typical form classification scheme, each form is arranged as a hierarchical outline in which a subform subclass is represented as a special case of a form class.
In the case where the hierarchical structure is an outline: All forms or subforms are listed, one under the other. Each form on such a hierarchical list is also subform subclass of the form under which it is indented.
Any particular form serves as a subform to the form above it and also as a form to the subform beneath it. The subform is a special case of the form above it. All subforms listed under a particular form have a substructure and composition style of the their form, but each subform listed under a particular form has a narrower structure or composition style than its form. Each subform under a given form is distinguished from the other subgforms under the same form by virtue of the fact that it has a narrower structure or composition style that is different from the other subgforms under the same form.
This list has been compiled by The Muse Of Literature to help clarify your understanding of The Muse's concept of a literary form, subform, and literary form schema. Sample schema showing relationship between literary forms and subforms Literary forms Prose — Ordinary writing, without metrical structure, expressed in a commonplace manner.
Fiction - The class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, Novel — A fictional prose narrative of considerable length and complexity in which the actions, speech, and thoughts of the characters serve to unfold the plot; usually over 50, words e.
Are Concrete Poems Comics? |
Novella — A fictional prose narrative longer than a short story and shorter than a novel; usually between 20, and 50, words e. Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson. Short Story - A brief fictional work that usually contains only one major conflict and at least one main character e. Endless Nights by Neil Gaiman. Nonfiction -The branch of literature comprising works of narrative prose dealing with or offering opinions or conjectures upon facts and reality.
Journalism — Presentation of facts describing news events written to be published by the media newspapers, magazines, television, or radio e;g;, Hiroshima by John Hersey.Access 2016 Relationships and adding Sub Form
Drama — A work that centers on the actions of characters; written to be performed on a stage. One-act play — A short play that takes place in one act e.
Five-act play — A play that takes place in five acts e.