Brave New World: CHARACTER ANALYSIS / DETAILED CHARACTER DESCRIPTIONS by Aldous Huxley
Relationship with John. It's while she is in New Mexico with Bernard that Lenina's problems start. No, it's not that she develops feelings for him (or at least. Bernard has unorthodox beliefs about relationships, sexual relations and the state. In the second half of the novel, Lenina meets John and tries to seduce him. John never denies the connection between himself and Linda. Huxley points John meets Lenina when Bernard brings her to the Savage Reservation. John.
Lenina is completely confused by all this talk of marriage and mountain lions. She keeps telling him there are no mountain lions in London. If not a mountain lion skin, then there must be something he can do as a noble gesture to show her he is worthy of her. All she wants is to have sex with him. He wants to have a committed long-term relationship with her.
When he finally blurts out that he loves her, she is thrilled. Then he tells her that he wants to marry her, she is shocked and appalled. She tells him that is a "horrible idea. She has absolutely no idea of what he is talking about. He tries to explain how the people on the Reservation and the characters in Shakespeare's plays all get married. How they spend the rest of their lives loving just one person.
It is all beyond her capability to comprehend. She just wants to know if he reciprocates the feelings she has for him. He confesses that he loves her above all else. This is all she needs to hear. This is where it all goes awry for Lenina.
She starts to undress for John, thinking that they were going to go to bed together. John is horrified as she begins to take her clothes off. The more animated she becomes the more horrified and appalled he becomes. Finally as she has him pinned against a wall he can take no more. On returning to civilization, she tries and fails to seduce John the Savage. John loves and desires Lenina but he is repelled by her forwardness and the prospect of pre-marital sex, rejecting her as an " impudent strumpet ".
Lenina visits John at the lighthouse but he attacks her with a whip, unwittingly inciting onlookers to do the same. Her exact fate is left unspecified. Sophisticated and good-natured, Mond is an urbane and hyperintelligent advocate of the World State and its ethos of "Community, Identity, Stability". Among the novel's characters, he is uniquely aware of the precise nature of the society he oversees and what it has given up to accomplish its gains.
Mond argues that art, literature, and scientific freedom must be sacrificed to secure the ultimate utilitarian goal of maximising societal happiness. He defends the genetic caste system, behavioural conditioning, and the lack of personal freedom in the World State: Fanny Crowne — Lenina Crowne's friend they have the same last name because only ten thousand last names are in use in the World State.
Fanny voices the conventional values of her caste and society, particularly the importance of promiscuity: Fanny then, however, warns Lenina away from a new lover whom she considers undeserving, yet she is ultimately supportive of the young woman's attraction to the savage John.
Henry Foster — One of Lenina's many lovers, he is a perfectly conventional Alpha male, casually discussing Lenina's body with his coworkers. His success with Lenina, and his casual attitude about it, infuriate the jealous Bernard.
Henry ultimately proves himself every bit the ideal World State citizen, finding no courage to defend Lenina from John's assaults despite having maintained an uncommonly longstanding sexual relationship with her. Benito Hoover — Another of Lenina's lovers.
Character Profiles : Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
She remembers that he is particularly hairy when he takes his clothes off. His plans take an unexpected turn, however, when Bernard returns from the Reservation with Linda see below and John, a child they both realize is actually his. This fact, scandalous and obscene in the World State not because it was extramarital which all sexual acts are but because it was procreative, leads the Director to resign his post in shame.
Despite following her usual precautions, Linda became pregnant with the Director's son during their time together and was therefore unable to return to the World State by the time that she found her way to Malpais.
Having been conditioned to the promiscuous social norms of the World State, Linda finds herself at once popular with every man in the pueblo because she is open to all sexual advances and also reviled for the same reason, seen as a whore by the wives of the men who visit her and by the men themselves who come to her nonetheless.
Linda is desperate to return to the World State and to soma, wanting nothing more from her remaining life than comfort until death. He is blond, short, broad-shouldered, and has a booming voice.
- Lenina in Brave New World
- Brave New World Chapter 13 Summary
Darwin Bonaparte is known for two other works: He renews his fame by filming the savage, John, in his newest release "The Savage of Surrey". Others[ edit ] Freemartins: These women have been deliberately made sterile by exposure to male hormones during fetal development but still physically normal except for "the slightest tendency to grow beards. Although he reinforces the behaviour that causes hatred for Linda in Malpais by sleeping with her and bringing her mescalhe still holds the traditional beliefs of his tribe.
In his early years John also attempts to kill him. He gave Linda a copy of the Complete Works of Shakespeare.
Brave New World - Wikipedia
Mitsima, an elder tribal shaman who also teaches John survival skills such as rudimentary ceramics specifically coil potswhich were traditional to Native American tribes and bow-making. Background figures[ edit ] These are non-fictional and factual characters who lived before the events in this book, but are of note in the novel: Henry Fordwho has become a messianic figure to the World State.
It is also strongly implied that citizens of the World State believe Freud and Ford to be the same person. Ivan Petrovich Pavlovwhose conditioning techniques are used to train infants. William Shakespearewhose banned works are quoted throughout the novel by John, "the Savage". Mustapha Mond also knows them because as a World Controller he has access to a selection of books from throughout history, including the Bible. Thomas Robert Malthus19th century British economist, believed the people of the Earth would eventually be threatened by their inability to raise enough food to feed the population.
In the novel, the eponymous character devises the contraceptive techniques Malthusian belt that are practiced by women of the World State. John Henry Newman19th century Catholic theologian and educator, believed university education the critical element in advancing post-industrial Western civilization.
Mustapha Mond and The Savage discuss a passage from one of Newman's books. Alfred MondBritish industrialist, financier and politician. He is the namesake of Mustapha Mond  Sources of names and references[ edit ] The limited number of names that the World State assigned to its bottle-grown citizens can be traced to political and cultural figures who contributed to the bureaucratic, economic, and technological systems of Huxley's age, and presumably those systems in Brave New World.
Huxley's remarkable book",  and Bertrand Russell also praised it, stating, "Mr. Aldous Huxley has shown his usual masterly skill in Brave New World. Chesterton explained that Huxley was revolting against the "Age of Utopias". Much of the discourse on man's future before was based on the thesis that humanity would solve all economic and social issues. In the decade following the war the discourse shifted to an examination of the causes of the catastrophe.Aldous Huxley's Brave New World original 1980 film
The works of H. Wells and George Bernard Shaw on the promises of socialism and a World State were then viewed as the ideas of naive optimists. Men like Ford or Mond seemed to many to have solved the social riddle and made capitalism the common good.
But it was not native to us; it went with a buoyant, not to say blatant optimism, which is not our negligent or negative optimism. Much more than Victorian righteousness, or even Victorian self-righteousness, that optimism has driven people into pessimism. For the Slump brought even more disillusionment than the War. A new bitterness, and a new bewilderment, ran through all social life, and was reflected in all literature and art.
It was contemptuous, not only of the old Capitalism, but of the old Socialism.
Brave New World is more of a revolution against Utopia than against Victoria. While the World State lacks any supernatural-based religions, Ford himself is revered as the creator of their society but not as a deity, and characters celebrate Ford Day and swear oaths by his name e. The Savage again longs to escape, this time to the peace and solitude of nature, away from the conformist totalitarian society. He finds an isolated lighthouse where he goes to live, but the crowds discover his presence there and will not leave him alone.
Unable to find a place for himself anywhere, John the Savage commits suicide. John becomes a symbol of the primitive pitted against utopia, the old pitted against the new. A product of the old world order where he is not accepted, he still values human emotions, art, literature, and family ties. Unable to accept the cold conformity and promiscuity of the new world, John really has no place.
In spite of his frustration and confusion, Huxley uses the Savage as a spokesperson for his own views about art, literature, culture, human relationships, and individualism.
Unfortunately, John cannot find a place where he is allowed to express his own views about these things and be heard. It is warning on Huxley's part about the dangers of a brave new world that refuses to acknowledge individualism. Mustapha Mond, the Controller Mustapha Mond is the perfect symbol of the brave new world and the Savage's chief antagonist.
He is a man of middle-height, with black hair, a hooked nose, full red lips and very piercing dark eyes. Intelligent and learned, Mond has an acute sense of irony and even a certain sense of humor.
A physicist by training, he understands and accepts the principles of the new conformist totalitarian society. Although he knows the limits of the brave new world, he accepts them for the benefit of social stability. Mond and the Savage are the only two truly complex characters in the novel, for they know both the old world and new world. Since both of them can read, they have been exposed to outside thoughts, especially those of Shakespeare; both of them find the playwright fascinating.
The Savage, however, accepts the human emotions expressed in the Shakespearean plays as worthy, while Mond denies them on the basis of science and world order. Ironically, the Controller also represents Huxley; he expresses the author's view about science and philosophy. Bernard Marx Bernard Marx is an important character in the novel and is present from the very beginning until almost the end.
Amongst the Alphas of the new world, he is thought to be different because of his small size, caused by an error in his decanting process; unfortunately for him, in this upper caste largeness is valued and smallness is ridiculed.
Character Profiles : Brave New World by Aldous Huxley | Aldous Huxley - Brave New World
As a result, he has an inferiority complex, which leads him to pose behind a superior air. As a result, he is not popular, his only friend being Helmholtz Watson. Bernard is individualistic enough to defy some of the rules, though not too blatantly.
The Director of the Hatcheries, however, knows of the infractions and threatens to exile him to Iceland.