When Daisy meets Gatsby again at Nick's house, she has an affair with him; but she will He plays with cars and race horses, has sordid affairs, and treats Daisy shabbily. apartment for her in the city, which is the scene of a rather wild party during the book. . marriage and wrote Gatsby a letter to end their relationship. Homework: Close Reading of Chapter 6, The Great Gatsby A. The reunion of Daisy and Gatsby, a rather sordid relationship, signals simultaneously. The reunion of Daisy and Gatsby, a rather sordid relationship, signals simultaneously the beginning and the end of Gatsby's dream and of his.
Research Montenegro and discern its role in World War I. Consider ways in which Gatsby might be a counterpart to Don Quixote. Consider ways in which Tom Buchanan and George Wilson are alike, in that the wives of both men are capable of being lured away by another man. Therefore, both men, different as they are, are cuckolds a Middle Ages term, defining men whose wives are unfaithful.
In the legendary account, such husbands were said to grow horns, thus becoming monsters. Study the various parties and guests at the parties in order to construct a thesis and arguments that typify America and Americans at play in the s. What do the parties reveal about these guests? Does she see herself in that image? Is Fitzgerald simply magnifying film, a new medium in the s? Show how the boy on the yacht was ironically more worldly and realistic than the unrealistic adult gazing longingly at the green light.
In what ways can Nick be said to be the real hero of the story? Select a line or a passage about time and show its thematic significance. Compare Trimalchio, the hero or protagonist of The Satyricon, to Gatsby. Trace the recurring image of eyes, and ascertain the purposes of those images. Consider blindness on any level as well as sight. Compare the two passages below from T. Better still, find a copy of the poem and discover other passages which correspond.
What do the similarities suggest?
What shall I do? I shall rush out as I am, and walk the street With my hair down, so, What shall we do tomorrow? Explain the significance of the comments: There was an unmistakable air of natural intimacy about the picture, and anybody would have said that they were conspiring together. Some of the characters in the novel symbolize a production ethic; others symbolize a consumption ethic.
Classify the characters accordingly, and draw a conclusion about the American Dream, as you understand it, from Fitzgerald. Eyes and sight recur frequently in the novel. How is this story an ironic inversion of a knightly quest for the grail? Why does Nick compare the Dutch sailors to Gatsby?
He rents a house in the West Egg district of Long Island, a wealthy but unfashionable area populated by the new rich, a group who have made their fortunes too recently to have established social connections and who are prone to garish displays of wealth. Nick is unlike the other inhabitants of West Egg, he was educated at Yale and has social connections in East Egg, a fashionable area of Long Island home to the established upper class.
Daisy and Tom introduce Nick to Jordan Baker, a beautiful, cynical young woman with whom Nick begins a romantic relationship.
Jordan tells him that Tom has a lover, Myrtle Wilson, who lives in the valley of ashes, a gray industrial dumping ground between West Egg and New York City.
At a vulgar, gaudy party in the apartment that Tom keeps for the affair, Myrtle begins to taunt Tom about Daisy, and Tom responds by breaking her nose. Gatsby tells Jordan that he knew Daisy in Louisville in and is deeply in love with her. He spends many nights staring at the green light at the end of her dock, across the bay from his mansion.
Gatsby now wants Nick to arrange a reunion between himself and Daisy, but he is afraid that Daisy will refuse to see him if she knows that he still loves her. Nick invites Daisy to have tea at his house, without telling her that Gatsby will also be there. After an initially awkward reunion, Gatsby and Daisy reestablish their connection. Their love rekindled, they begin an affair. Though Tom is himself involved in an extramarital affair, he is deeply outraged by the thought that his wife could be unfaithful to him.
Tom asserts that he and Daisy have a history that Gatsby could never understand, and he announces to his wife that Gatsby is a criminal, his fortune comes from bootlegging alcohol and other illegal activities. Daisy realizes that her allegiance is to Tom, and Tom contemptuously sends her back to East Egg with Gatsby, attempting to prove that Gatsby cannot hurt him.
They rush back to Long Island, where Nick learns from Gatsby that Daisy was driving the car when it struck Myrtle, but that Gatsby intends to take the blame. George, who has leapt to the conclusion that the driver of the car that killed Myrtle must have been her lover, finds Gatsby in the pool at his mansion and shoots him dead. He then fatally shoots himself. Character list Nick Carraway: Honest, tolerant, and inclined to reserve judgment, Nick often serves as a confidant for those with troubling secrets.
After moving to West Egg, a fictional area of Long Island that is home to the newly rich, Nick quickly befriends his next-door neighbor, the mysterious Jay Gatsby. The title character and protagonist of the novel, Gatsby is a fabulously wealthy young man living in a Gothic mansion in West Egg. He is famous for the lavish parties he throws every Saturday night, but no one knows where he comes from, what he does, or how he made his fortune.
As the novel progresses, Nick learns that Gatsby was born James Gatz on a farm in North Dakota; working for a millionaire made him dedicate his life to the achievement of wealth.
The Great Gatsby Analysis - words | Study Guides and Book Summaries
When he met Daisy while training to be an officer in Louisville, he fell in love with her. Nick also learns that Gatsby made his fortune through criminal activity, as he was willing to do anything to gain the social position he thought necessary to win Daisy. As a young woman in Louisville before the war, Daisy was courted by a number of officers, including Gatsby. She fell in love with Gatsby and promised to wait for him.
However, Daisy harbors a deep need to be loved, and when a wealthy, powerful young man named Tom Buchanan asked her to marry him, Daisy decided not to wait for Gatsby after all. Powerfully built and hailing from a socially solid old family, Tom is an arrogant, hypocritical bully. His social attitudes are laced with racism and sexism, and he never even considers trying to live up to the moral standard he demands from those around him. He has no moral qualms about his own extramarital affair with Myrtle, but when he begins to suspect Daisy and Gatsby of having an affair, he becomes outraged and forces a confrontation.
Jordan is beautiful, but also dishonest: Myrtle herself possesses a fierce vitality and desperately looks for a way to improve her situation. Unfortunately for her, she chooses Tom, who treats her as a mere object of his desire. George loves and idealizes Myrtle, and is devastated by her affair with Tom. George is consumed with grief when Myrtle is killed. George is comparable to Gatsby in that both are dreamers and both are ruined by their unrequited love for women who love Tom.
Before the events of the novel take place, Wolfsheim helped Gatsby to make his fortune bootlegging illegal liquor. His continued acquaintance with Gatsby suggests that Gatsby is still involved in illegal business.
Themes, motifs and symbols Themes Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The main theme of the novel, however, encompasses a much larger, less romantic scope. Fitzgerald portrays the s as an era of decayed social and moral values, evidenced in its overarching cynicism, greed, and empty pursuit of pleasure. When World War I ended inthe generation of young Americans who had fought the war became intensely disillusioned, as the brutal carnage that they had just faced made the Victorian social morality of early-twentieth-century America seem like stuffy, empty hypocrisy.
The dizzying rise of the stock market in the aftermath of the war led to a sudden, sustained increase in the national wealth and a newfound materialism, as people began to spend and consume at unprecedented levels.Last Five Years
A person from any social background could, potentially, make a fortune, but the American aristocracy, families with old wealth, scorned the newly rich industrialists and speculators. Additionally, the passage of the Eighteenth Amendment inwhich banned the sale of alcohol, created a thriving underworld designed to satisfy the massive demand for bootleg liquor among rich and poor alike. Nick and Gatsby, both of whom fought in World War I, exhibit the newfound cosmopolitanism and cynicism that resulted from the war.
East Egg represents the established aristocracy, West Egg the self-made rich. As Fitzgerald saw it and as Nick explains in Chapter 9the American dream was originally about discovery, individualism, and the pursuit of happiness.
In the s depicted in the novel, however, easy money and relaxed social values have corrupted this dream, especially on the East Coast. Eckleburg best exemplify this idea.
Just as Americans have given America meaning through their dreams for their own lives, Gatsby instills Daisy with a kind of idealized perfection that she neither deserves nor possesses. Like s Americans in general, fruitlessly seeking a bygone era in which their dreams had value, Gatsby longs to re-create a vanished past, his time in Louisville with Daisy, but is incapable of doing so.
When his dream crumbles, all that is left for Gatsby to do is die; all Nick can do is move back to Minnesota, where American values have not decayed. In the novel, West Egg and its denizens represent the newly rich, while East Egg and its denizens, especially Daisy and Tom, represent the old aristocracy. Fitzgerald portrays the newly rich as being vulgar, gaudy, ostentatious, and lacking in social graces and taste.
Honesty Honesty is does not seem to determine which characters are sympathetic and which are not in this novel in quite the same way that it does in others. Her sense of why Gatsby should not behave in an immoral manner is based on what she expects from members of her milieu, rather than what she believes to be intrinsically right.
The standards for honesty and morality seem to be dependent on class and gender in this novel. Decay Decay is a word that constantly comes up in The Great Gatsby, which is appropriate in a novel which centers on the death of the American Dream. It seems that the American dream has been perverted, reversed. Fitzgerald portrays the chauvinistic and racist Tom in a very negative light, clearly scoffing at his apocalyptic vision of the races intermarrying.
Gender Roles In some respects, Fitzgerald writes about gender roles in a quite conservative manner. In his novel, men work to earn money for the maintenance of the women. Men are dominant over women, especially in the case of Tom, who asserts his physical strength to subdue them.
The only hint of a role reversal is in the pair of Nick and Jordan. However, in the end, Nick does exert his dominance over her by ending the relationship. The women in the novel are an interesting group, because they do not divide into the traditional groups of Mary Magdalene and Madonna figures, instead, none of them are pure. Myrtle is the most obviously sensual, but the fact that Jordan and Daisy wear white dresses only highlights their corruption.
An ex-football player, he uses his immense physical strength to intimidate those around him. The other source of violence in the novel besides Tom are cars.