Resource Library - Other Animal Information - Striped Skunk
Symbiosis – is a close relationship between two species in which at . The skunk and opossum live in woodchuck's holes (commensalisms or. common animals as the woodchuck, . connection it will be noted that skunks, 23, Edge of woods; level ground; small Occupied by woodchuck during. Woodchuck Wolves and humans have always had a close but complex relationship. The relationship between wolves and humans turned ugly as wandering hunter-gatherer tribes developed into the first permanent agriculture- based.
He has lived in my backyard for about six years now. During the summer he makes only cameo appearances as he surreptitiously forages about in the weeds and tall grass along the river.
By late fall he has said his goodbyes for the season, and he spends the winter underground, out back behind the house, awaiting his reemergence in the spring.
Which is when he is such a nuisance. I'm not sure what his strategy is, why one animal about the size of a watermelon has to have so many burrows, because he eventually seems to abandon most of them in favor of just one. I suppose the others serve as emergency escape routes against the advent of threatening homeowners.
Be that as it may, I catch frequent sight of our chubby guest on these clear, brilliant mornings. There he sits, defiant, atop the low stone wall, sunning himself. On another occasion, he is nosing about in my burgeoning garden, looking for only the most tender seedlings.
And here he is, waddling directly toward me, oblivious to the notion that, if I could, I would grab him and hustle him off to a distant island. But if I make the slightest movement, he turns heel and scurries away, surprisingly brisk for one so plump and with such stubby legs.
I confided my frustration to a friend who is wise in the ways of wild animals. I just want it gone. After a brief tutorial, I was off with the trap, optimistic about solving my woodchuck dilemma. As soon as I arrived home, I set the Havahart up by what I believed to be the woodchuck's main burrow, all the while reciting to myself, "How much wood could a woodchuck chuck? That night I went to bed content in the knowledge that liberation was at hand.
In Alaska, the state government manages a population of approximately 6, to 8, gray wolves. In Canada, provincial governments manage a total population of roughly 50, to 60, gray wolves. Because wolves in Alaska and Canada are not considered to be endangered or threatened, they are commonly trapped for the fur market.
Red Wolves The red wolf is one of the most endangered wild canids members of the dog family. The red wolf was formerly found throughout the Southeast United States and up the eastern seaboard to New England.
Bywild populations of red wolves had been eradicated, and only 14 survived in captivity. As part of a captive-breeding program involving the USFWS and nearly 40 wildlife facilities in the United States, red wolves began to be reintroduced into the wild in An experimental population of red wolves was established at the Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in North Carolina and nearby lands in northeast North Carolina. As ofthere were approximately red wolves in 20 packs roaming the wilds of northeast North Carolina, along with about in captivity.
A big problem with increasing the wild numbers, however, is that red wolves have a tendency to interbreed with coyotes, producing hybrid animals rather than pure red wolves.
Groundhog - Wikipedia
Several Eurasian subspecies of the gray wolf once lived throughout northern Europe and Asia and south into India and the Arabian Peninsula. Thousands of wolves are reportedly killed every year in Russia for the fur trade and as a result of conflicts with people, such as attacks on livestock. In China, wolves are widely persecuted and threatened by habitat loss, hunting, trapping, and poisoning. In some European countries, the increased wolf numbers are being culled by bounties and hunting.
A third species of wolf, Canis simensis, lives in the highlands of Ethiopia, in Africa. This species, commonly called the Abyssinian, or Ethiopian, wolf, consists of only about to individuals in isolated populations.
Coming Full Circle The relationship between wolves and humans has come full circle. Wolves were once nearly exterminated in the wild by humans. Then they were rescued by conservation measures. Now, with their populations substantially recovered in certain areas, wolves in the United States are once again becoming subject to hunting and trapping. In Kentucky an estimatedM. Schoonmaker reports that groundhogs may hide when they see, smell or hear the observer.
Groundhogs are generally agonistic and territorial among their own species, and may skirmish to establish dominance. It is common to see one or more nearly-motionless individuals standing erect on their hind feet watching for danger. When alarmed, they use a high-pitched whistle to warn the rest of the colony, hence the name "whistle-pig".
Barash wrote he witnessed only two occasions of upright play-fighting among woodchucks and that the upright posture of play-fighting involves sustained physical contact between individuals and may require a degree of social tolerance virtually unknown in M. Some additional foods include sheep sorreltimothy-grassbuttercup, tearthumbagrimonyred and black raspberries, buckwheat, plantain, wild lettuce, all varieties of clover, and alfalfa.
Groundhogs will occasionally eat snails, insects and baby birds they come upon by accident. Schoonmaker excavated 11 dens finding the earth removed from these averaged six cubic feet or four and eight-tenths bushels per den. The longest burrow was 24 feet plus 2 short side galleries. The amount of soil taken from this den was eight bushels and it weighed pounds. The average weight of the earth taken from all eleven dens was pounds.
Groundhog burrows usually have two to five entrances, providing groundhogs their primary means of escape from predators. The burrow is used for safety, retreat in bad weather, hibernating, sleeping, love nest, and nursery. In addition to the nest, there is an excrement chamber.
The nest chamber may be about twenty inches to three feet below ground surface. It is about sixteen inches wide and fourteen inches high. There are typically two burrow openings or holes.
One is the main entrance, the other a spy hole. Description of the length of the burrow often includes the side galleries of the burrow.Artist Silvana Cenci with pet woodchuck, Peepo
Excluding the side galleries, Schoonmaker reports the longest was twenty-four feet, with the average length of eleven dens dug out to be fourteen feet. Fisher investigated nine burrows, finding the deepest point to be forty-nine inches down.
A woodchuck, a skunk - and I got trapped
The longest, including side galleries, was forty-seven feet eleven and one half inches. Some of these holes were only a few feet deep and never occupied but the numerous burrows gave the impression that groundhogs live in communities. This burrow is usually in a wooded or brushy area and is dug below the frost line and remains at a stable temperature well above freezing during the winter months.
In most areas, groundhogs hibernate from October to March or April, but in more temperate areas, they may hibernate as little as three months.