Information and communication technologies for development - Wikipedia
The Seven Principles for Making Marriage Work, by John Gottman is a book that sets forth what The book was included in the Comprehensive Soldier fitness program. that prevent negativity from escalating out of control; efforts the couple makes to deescalate the tension during a . Relationship Enhancement Therapy. Marriage Education, Successful Relationships, Successful Lives. PREP®. Improve your relationship with our online program. ePREP. Shop for PREP curricula. We chose two widely used program curricula for review: the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) and the Strengthening Families.
The tools they use allow them to monitor media—including social media, create live crisis maps, analyze the data they have, etc. The website collates information regarding earthquake preparedness. This was created in response to a predicted earthquake, expected to hit Metro Manila with a 7.
According to DOST, NOAH's mission is to undertake disaster science research and development, advance the use of cutting edge technologies, and recommend innovative information services in government's disaster prevention and mitigation efforts. Through the use of science and technology and in partnership with the academe and other stakeholders, the DOST through Project NOAH is taking a multi-disciplinary approach in developing systems, tools, and other technologies that could be operationalized by government to help prevent and mitigate disasters.
OpenRDI aims to minimize the effect of disaster in developing countries by encouraging them to open their disaster risk data. GIS technologies such as satellite imagerythematic maps, and geospatial data play a big part in disaster risk management. One example is the HaitiDatawhere maps of Haiti containing layers of geospatial data earthquake intensity, flooding likelihood, landslide and tsunami hazards, overall damage, etc.
Terrestrial earth, land, soil, waterocean, climate and atmospheric surveillance, data collection, storage and record technologies, remote sensing, telemetric systems, geographic information systems GIS etc. Different computational and processing tools are required to analyze the data collected from environment.
Some of these tools are land, soil, water and atmospheric quality assessment tools, Tool for analyzing atmospheric conditions like GHG emissions and pollutants etc. Environment planning and policy formulation require analyzed data, information and decision support systems. Environment management and protection: Information and communication technologies for management and protection of environment include resource and energy conservation and management systems, GHG emission management and reduction systems and controls, pollution control and management systems etc.
ICT can reduce its own environmental impacts by increasing system efficiency which ultimately reduce the overall negative impact on environment. Impact and mitigating effects of ICT utilization: ICT use can mitigate the environmental impacts directly by increasing process efficiency and as a result of dematerialization, and indirectly by virtue of the secondary and tertiary effects resulting from ICT use on human activities, which in turn reduce the impact of humans on the environment.
ICT is used as a media to increase public awareness, development of environment professionals, and integrating environmental issues into formal education. They have created ICT-based plant clinics employing agricultural extension workers, called "plant-doctors", that would help farmers with their queries.
They have provided different ICTs, namely: Mobile phones were used by farmers to contact the plant doctors about their issues. Digital cameras and microscope are being used to record pests, plants, water levels, soil condition, and also record the problems of the farmers.
Plant doctors also use multimedia to educate farmers through video presentations of different agricultural topics. Principles[ edit ] According to Gottman, couples strengthen the friendship that is at the heart of any marriage by enhancing their love maps; nurturing their fondness and admiration; turning toward each other instead of away; letting their spouse influence them; solving their solvable problems; overcoming gridlock; and creating shared meaning.
Enhancing love maps[ edit ] A "love map" is that part of one's brain where one stores all the relevant information about one's spouse's life, such as their worries, hopes, and goals in life; their history; and the facts and feelings of their world. According to Gottman, happily married couples use their love maps to express not only their understanding of each other, but their fondness and admiration as well.
Exercises the book suggests for doing this include, among other things, thinking about incidents that illustrate characteristics one appreciates in one's partner; talking about the happy events of the past; and completing a item "Seven-Week Course in Fondness and Admiration". Accepting influence[ edit ] Accepting influence means sharing power; making one's spouse a partner in one's decision making by taking their opinions and feelings into account.
Solving solvable problems[ edit ] Gottman's model for conflict resolution involves softening the startup i. Overcoming gridlock[ edit ] According to Gottman, gridlock occurs when a conflict makes one feel rejected by one's partner; they keep talking about it but make no headway; they become entrenched in their positions and are unwilling to budge; when they discuss the subject, they end up feeling more frustrated and hurt; their conversations about the problem are devoid of humor, amusement, or affection; they become even more unbudgeable over time, which leads them to vilify each other during these conversations; this vilification makes one all the more rooted in one's position and polarized, more extreme in one's view, and all the less willing to compromise; and eventually they disengage from each other emotionally.
The nonbinding resolution was passed on April 16 by a vote of to The de facto inability of women to access abortion even in countries where it is legal is highly controversial because it results in a situation where women have rights only on paper not in practice; the UN in its resolution on Intensification of efforts to prevent and eliminate all forms of violence against women and girls: The first is recognizing the full citizenship of women.
Wade court case on abortion compared the citizenship of women and fetuses  Because the Constitution defines born people as citizens, Justice Harry Blackmun ruled that fetuses were not citizens.
The first is Sherry Finkbine, who was denied access to an abortion by the board of obstetrician-gynecologists at her local hospital. The other event that changed public opinion was the outbreak of rubella in the s and 60s. Because rubella disrupted the growth of fetuses and caused deformities during pregnancy, the California Therapeutic Abortion Act was signed in Another argument in favor of legalized abortion to service necessity are the reasons why an abortion might be necessary.
Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended, and over half of all unintended pregnancies in the United States are met with abortion.
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These factors as threats to the health and safety of pregnant women run parallel to data that shows the number of abortions in the United States did not decline while laws restricting legal access to abortion were implemented. Female genital mutilation[ edit ] Prevalence of FGM by country, according to a UNICEF report  Anti-FGM road sign, Bakau, Gambia, Female genital mutilation FGMalso known as female genital circumcision or cutting, is the traditional, non-medical practice of altering or injuring the female reproductive organs, often by removing all or parts of the external genitalia.
Type I Cliteridectomy is the removal of all or part of the clitoris. This may or may not include removing the prepuce along with the clitoral glans. Type II Excision is the removal of the clitoris along with all or part of the labia minora.
This may or may not include removing all or part of the labia majora. Type III Infibulation is the act of removing the inner or outer labia and sealing the wound, leaving only a narrow opening.
Type IV refers to "all other harmful procedures to the female genitalia for non-medical purposes piercing, scraping, cauterizing of the genital area. The age that women undergo the procedure varies depending on the culture, although it is most commonly performed on prepubescent girls.