Stonewall Jackson - Wikipedia
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21, – May 10, ) served as a Jackson then quickly moved his three divisions to reinforce General Lee's Army of Northern Virginia in defense of Richmond. .. The pastor, Dr. William Spottswood White, described the relationship between Jackson and his Sunday. General Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson are forever memorialized and remembered along with Confederate President Jefferson Davis on the larger than. This leadership connection went beyond Lee's relationship with his As the war began, Jackson would not have been chosen by many people.
This was a ministry he took very seriously. As a result, he was dearly loved and appreciated by the children and their parents. In addition, both Jackson and Lee emphatically supported the abolition of slavery. In fact, Lee called slavery "a moral and political evil. Jackson said he wished to see "the shackles struck from every slave. It is equally repugnant to impugn and denigrate the memory of these remarkable Christian gentlemen.
Stonewall Jackson – Historic Musings
Lee wrote to his sister on April 20 of that year to explain his decision. In the letter he wrote, "With all my devotion to the Union and the feeling of loyalty and duty of an American citizen, I have not been able to make up my mind to raise my hand against my relatives, my children, my home.
I have therefore resigned my commission in the army and save in defense of my native state, with the sincere hope that my poor services may never be needed. In addition, members of his family were signatories to the Declaration of Independence.
Remember, too, that not only did Robert E. Lee graduate from West Point "at the head of his class" according to Benjamin Hallowellhe is yet today one of only six cadets to graduate from that prestigious academy without a single demerit.
However, Lee knew that Lincoln's decision to invade the South in order to prevent its secession was both immoral and unconstitutional. As a man of honor and integrity, the only thing Lee could do was that which his father had done: And that is exactly what he did. Instead of allowing a politically correct culture to sully the memory of Robert E. Jackson, all Americans should hold them in a place of highest honor and respect. Anything less is a disservice to history and a disgrace to the principles of truth and integrity.
Accordingly, it was more than appropriate that the late President Gerald Ford, on August 5,signed Senate Joint Resolution 23, "restoring posthumously the long overdue, full rights of citizenship to General Robert E. While the character and influence of most of us will barely be remembered two hundred days after our departure, the sterling character of these men has endured for two hundred years.
What a shame that so many of America's youth are being robbed of knowing and studying the virtue and integrity of the great General Robert E. Lee and General Thomas J.
Furthermore, it is no hyperbole to say that the confederated, constitutional republic so ably declared by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence of and codified into statute by the U.
Constitution of was, for the most part, expunged at the Appomattox Court House in After all, it was and is the responsibility of the states to be the ultimate vanguard of liberty. Without a tenacious, unrelenting defense of liberty by the sovereign states, we are reduced to ever-burgeoning oppression--which is exactly what we see happening today.
Thankfully, freedom's heartbeat is still felt among at least a few states. State sovereignty resolutions proposed in over 30 statesFirearms Freedom acts passed in 2 states--Montana and Tennessee--and being proposed in at least 12 other statesofficial letters Montanastatements Texas Governor Rick Perryand resolutions Georgia and Montana threatening secession have already taken place.
Yes, freedom-loving Americans in this generation may need to awaken to the prospect that--in order for freedom to survive--secession may, once again, be in order.
One thing is for sure: It is time for people to start deciding whether they want to live free or not--and if they do, to seriously consider relocating to states that yet have a heartbeat for liberty. I will say it straight out: Jackson started the campaign under Lee's orders with a sweeping flanking maneuver that placed his corps into the rear of Union Maj.
John Pope 's Army of Virginia. The Hotchkiss journal shows that Jackson, most likely, originally conceived the movement.
In the journal entries for March 4 and 6General Stuart tells Hotchkiss that "Jackson was entitled to all the credit" for the movement and that Lee thought the proposed movement "very hazardous" and "reluctantly consented" to the movement. Then he had his troops destroy all of it, for it was the main depot for the Union Army. Jackson then retreated and then took up a defensive position and effectively invited Pope to assault him.
On August 28—29, the start of the Second Battle of Bull Run Second ManassasPope launched repeated assaults against Jackson as Longstreet and the remainder of the army marched north to reach the battlefield. On August 30, Pope came to believe that Jackson was starting to retreat, and Longstreet took advantage of this by launching a massive assault on the Union army's left with over 25, men.
Although the Union troops put up a furious defense, Pope's army was forced to retreat in a manner similar to the embarrassing Union defeat at First Bull Run, fought on roughly the same battleground.
Antietam was primarily a defensive battle against superior odds, although McClellan failed to exploit his advantage. Jackson's men bore the brunt of the initial attacks on the northern end of the battlefield and, at the end of the day, successfully resisted a breakthrough on the southern end when Jackson's subordinate, Maj. Hillarrived at the last minute from Harpers Ferry. The Confederate forces held their position, but the battle was extremely bloody for both sides, and Lee withdrew the Army of Northern Virginia back across the Potomac Riverending the invasion.
On October 10, Jackson was promoted to lieutenant generalbeing ranked just behind Lee and Longstreet and his command was redesignated the Second Corps. Before the armies camped for winter, Jackson's Second Corps held off a strong Union assault against the right flank of the Confederate line at the Battle of Fredericksburgin what became a Confederate victory.
Just before the battle, Jackson was delighted to receive a letter about the birth of his daughter, Julia Laura Jackson, on November StuartLee's dashing and well-dressed cavalry commander, presented to Jackson a fine general's frock coat that he had ordered from one of the best tailors in Richmond.
Jackson's previous coat was threadbare and colorless from exposure to the elements, its buttons removed by admiring ladies. Jackson asked his staff to thank Stuart, saying that although the coat was too handsome for him, he would cherish it as a souvenir. His staff insisted that he wear it to dinner, which caused scores of soldiers to rush to see him in uncharacteristic garb.
Jackson was so embarrassed with the attention that he did not wear the new uniform for months. General Lee decided to employ a risky tactic to take the initiative and offensive away from Hooker's new southern thrust — he decided to divide his forces.
Jackson and his entire corps went on an aggressive flanking maneuver to the right of the Union lines: While riding with his infantry in a wide berth well south and west of the Federal line of battle, Jackson employed Maj. Fitzhugh Lee 's cavalry to provide for better reconnaissance regarding the exact location of the Union right and rear. The results were far better than even Jackson could have hoped.
Fitzhugh Lee found the entire right side of the Federal lines in the middle of open field, guarded merely by two guns that faced westward, as well as the supplies and rear encampments. The men were eating and playing games in carefree fashion, completely unaware that an entire Confederate corps was less than a mile away.
Lee and Jackson – Military History Monthly
What happened next is given in Fitzhugh Lee's own words: General Jackson's "Chancellorsville" portrait, taken at a Spotsylvania County farm on April 26,seven days before he was wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville So impressed was I with my discovery, that I rode rapidly back to the point on the Plank road where I had left my cavalry, and back down the road Jackson was moving, until I met "Stonewall" himself.
Bring only one courier, as you will be in view from the top of the hill. There had been no change in the picture. I only knew Jackson slightly. I watched him closely as he gazed upon Howard's troops. It was then about 2 P. His eyes burned with a brilliant glow, lighting up a sad face.
His expression was one of intense interest, his face was colored slightly with the paint of approaching battle, and radiant at the success of his flank movement. To the remarks made to him while the unconscious line of blue was pointed out, he did not reply once during the five minutes he was on the hill, and yet his lips were moving. From what I have read and heard of Jackson since that day, I know now what he was doing then. Stonewall Jackson is praying in full view and in rear of your right flank!
While talking to the Great God of Battles, how could he hear what a poor cavalryman was saying. I expected to be told I had made a valuable personal reconnaissance — saving the lives of many soldiers, and that Jackson was indebted to me to that amount at least.
Perhaps I might have been a little chagrined at Jackson's silence, and hence commented inwardly and adversely upon his horsemanship. I had looked upon him for the last time. The Confederates marched silently until they were merely several hundred feet from the Union position, then released a bloodthirsty cry and full charge.
Many of the Federals were captured without a shot fired, the rest were driven into a full rout. Jackson pursued relentlessly back toward the center of the Federal line until dusk. Darkness ended the assault. As Jackson and his staff were returning to camp on May 2, they were mistaken for a Union cavalry force by the 18th North Carolina Infantry regiment who shouted, "Halt, who goes there?
Frantic shouts by Jackson's staff identifying the party were replied to by Major John D.
Barry with the retort, "It's a damned Yankee trick! Several other men in his staff were killed, in addition to many horses. Darkness and confusion prevented Jackson from getting immediate care. He was dropped from his stretcher while being evacuated because of incoming artillery rounds. Because of his injuries, Jackson's left arm had to be amputated by Dr. Chandler's acres 3. He was offered Chandler's home for recovery, but Jackson refused and suggested using Chandler's plantation office building instead.
He was thought to be out of harm's way; but unknown to the doctors, he already had classic symptoms of pneumonia, complaining of a sore chest. This soreness was mistakenly thought to be the result of his rough handling in the battlefield evacuation. Death[ edit ] The plantation office building where Stonewall Jackson died in Guinea Station, Virginia Lee wrote to Jackson after learning of his injuries, stating: