Domino theory - Wikipedia
domino theory -- the notion that Communist aggression in one state must be . this school away from explaining the involvement in Vietnam as a product of that the containment policy and its justification, the domino theory. Domino theory, also called Domino Effect, theory in U.S. foreign policy after World War II stating that the “fall” of a noncommunist state to communism would. Domino Theory came from the notion of “containment” that its neighboring countries would soon follow in a domino effect. Asian countries could be explained due partially to the effects of both the Korean and Vietnam war.
President Eisenhower was the first to refer to countries in danger of Communist takeover as dominoes, in response to a journalist's question about Indochina in an April 7, news conference, though he did not use the term "domino theory".
The loss of regions traditionally within the vital regional trading area of countries like Japan would encourage the front-line countries to compromise politically with communism. Eisenhower's domino theory of was a specific description of the situation and conditions within Southeast Asia at the time, and he did not suggest a generalized domino theory as others did afterward.
Kennedy administration intervened in Vietnam in the early s to, among other reasons, keep the South Vietnamese "domino" from falling. When Kennedy came to power there was concern that the communist-led Pathet Lao in Laos would provide the Viet Cong with bases, and that eventually they could take over Laos. Arguments in favor of the domino theory[ edit ] This section needs additional citations for verification.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message The primary evidence for the domino theory is the spread of communist rule in three Southeast Asian countries infollowing the communist takeover of Vietnam: It can further be argued that before they finished taking Vietnam prior to the s, the communist campaigns did not succeed in Southeast Asia.
Note the Malayan Emergencythe Hukbalahap Rebellion in the Philippinesand the increasing involvement with Communists by Sukarno of Indonesia from the late s until he was deposed in All of these were unsuccessful Communist attempts to take over Southeast Asian countries which stalled when communist forces were still focused in Vietnam. Congress not to want to export jobs. But we have to have the jobs if we are to stop Communism. We have done that, moving from simple to more complex skilled labor.
If we stop this process, it will do more harm than you can every[sic] repair with aid. Don't cut off imports from Southeast Asia. However, proponents believe that the efforts during the containment i.
Some supporters of the domino theory note the history of communist governments supplying aid to communist revolutionaries in neighboring countries.
For instance, China supplied the Viet Minhthe North Vietnamese army, with troops and supplies, and the Soviet Union supplied them with tanks and heavy weapons. The fact that the Pathet Lao and Khmer Rouge were both originally part of the Vietminh, not to mention Hanoi's support for both in conjunction with the Viet Cong, also give credence to the theory.
The Soviet Union also heavily supplied Sukarno with military supplies and advisors from the time of the Guided Democracy in Indonesiaespecially during and after the civil war in Sumatra.
Linguist and political theorist Noam Chomsky wrote that he believes that the domino theory is roughly accurate, although he put a more positive spin on the threat, writing that communist and socialist movements became popular in poorer countries because they brought economic improvements to those countries in which they took power. The Greek Civil War was fought from to between a government backed by British and American support, and Greek communists.
American intervention resulted in the Truman Doctrine, the policy of aiding nations defending themselves against communist forces. Acheson then articulated what became known as the Domino Theory and persuaded Congress to accept responsibility for supporting countries under communist pressure, i. The value of Cold War policies Truman, Acheson and George Marshall helped put into place — the global ideological and strategic challenge to the Soviet Union — now seems eminently defensible by virtue of that empire's defeat.
Yet, the true meaning of containment's legacy and what it implies for American foreign policy today and tomorrow remains a matter of intense debate.
Post-Cold War geopolitics Fortunately, the West did heed what was said that day in Fulton, Missouriby the old lion. Bush 's tenure, it collapsed. Thus was Churchill vindicated. The old barriers between eastern and western Europe have relaxed since the end of the Cold War. The European Union established a common currency in the yearcalled the "Euro.
The politics and economics of the World Trade Organization, for good or ill, are dominant now.
- The Domino Theory
American foreign policy no longer officially addresses containment of communism. WTO has created a marketplace legal framework among democratic and communist countries around the globe. But all is not roses in the post-cold war garden. The native populations of some NAFTA and WTO treaty countries, once able to maintain a productive agrarian way of life, now find themselves hard put to feed themselves, much less to thrive.
The last communist bastion — Is the Cold War over? Communist China has opted for the free market in a big way, and has quickly become a force to be reckoned with.
Western societies have never had to take China seriously in economic terms. Communist China was finally accepted into the WTO in Specific conditions imposed upon China by the WTO treaty include opening China's domestic markets to foreign investments, establishment of a legal framework of business law, and creation of anti-piracy statutes that support intellectual property rights and patents.
Before the West realized it needed to refocus on communist containment in Asia, the Chinese leaped beyond containment. Serious problems have emerged already, because China is still a dictatorial communist state.
By earlythe European Union and America felt compelled to initiate WTO sanctions amidst howls of a double standard from the Chinese against the Chinese textile industry, which is controlled by the Chinese government, for allegedly flooding the market with low-priced textiles and clothing.
Domino Theory - The Vietnam War
Dumping cheap, subsidized goods into a country's markets causes a trade imbalance and the closure of indigenous factories, thus creating increased unemployment and cause for reestablishment of high import tariffs.
The primary problem that exacerbates the Chinese threat is the value of Chinese currency, the yuan. The yuan is held artificially low by the Chinese government. The longtime exchange rate of about eight yuan to one American dollar has created a trade deficit that continues to shatter world records.
Recent developments caused consternation in the U. Flush with new, immense wealth from the worldwide trade deficit, China has aggressively pursued acquisition of American companies.
InIBM's personal-computer manufacturing division was purchased by a Chinese company, and a bid on the Whirlpool company was tendered. China has been building up its military machine in recent years and is increasingly an obvious threat to the former Chinese province of Taiwan.
America has a longstanding mutual protection treaty with Taiwan that Richard Nixon diluted during his Ping-Pong Diplomacy in Recently, a Chinese general averred that China has nuclear missiles pointed at America and would use them if America attempts to intervene over a Taiwan crisis.
China also has purchased a small fleet of naval vessels from Russia, built during the Soviet era. Those ships were designed to sink American warships.