The New Relationship between the Executive and Legislative Branches | Stimson Center
In this lesson, we'll explore how the executive and legislative branches of the U.S. government hold the bureaucracy accountable. We'll also. How can the judiciary develop and sustain effective relationships with Congress and the executive branch, yet preserve appropriate autonomy in judiciary. this issue, specifically between the executive and legislative branches, is explored in this The thesis also explores Russian constitutional relationships and.
However one feels about the size of the federal government, its growth inarguably has created an oversight problem. Constitution set up a principle-agent relationship between Congress and the executive branch.
Issue 6: The Judiciary's Relationships with the Other Branches of Government | United States Courts
Congress writes the laws, the agencies implement them and the legislature the principle is supposed to keep watch. The massive growth of government has made the task of oversight all-the-more challenging. There are so many agencies to track and so many complex programs and policies to comprehend.
The problem is compounded by a basic time-on-task discrepancy. The president is always on the job and agencies operate 52 weeks a year. Certainly, congressmen are busy people. A survey by the Congressional Management Foundation suggests legislators work 70 hours per week. Unfortunately, very little of their time is devoted to holding hearings and studying policy efficacy. Members of Congress are in Washington only a few days each week, on average.
Sensibly, Congress long ago took action to bolster its oversight capabilities.
Congress also established the Government Accountability Office and Congressional Budget Office and has bolstered and rearranged its own operations in and Unfortunately, Congress has done little in the past 40 years to augment its strength.
This effort in self-diminution is an ill-conceived effort to show the public Congress can downsize government. It has not worked. Despite the cuts, the public still believes Congress is overstaffed.
Congress also tends to pay most staff poorly and many leave Capitol Hill because they spend so much of their time tending to communications work, rather than policy. Further insult was added when some members of Congress tried to forbid their employees from getting help to buy health care.
Public administrators, citizens and members of Congress all say they want efficient, effective government.
Separation of Powers
We will never have it unless the oversight problem is addressed. To improve oversight, there are two basic choices: She has called for an end to the genocide in Darfur, and more international cooperation on a number of key issues. All of these individuals built relationships on Capitol Hill that they can call upon to move the Obama agenda forward.
The legislative branch began to experience a shift in priorities when the last session, the th Congress, was inaugurated in January Democrats became the majority in both houses for the first time in twelve years. They gained seats in large measure due to a backlash against the Bush administration and the Republican Party.
Still, it was difficult to work in concert with the Bush administration. While the executive branch centralized political power and did not cultivate relationships on Capitol Hill, the legislative branch was often seen to bicker internally over what direction to take legislation. The makeup of the sitting legislative body did not lend itself to easy passage of any bills that were promoted by the Bush administration. Both sides were entrenched and partisan sentiment ruled the day.
The bailout bill that became law on October, 3,passed not because the Bush administration reached out, but because Congress felt pressure to act by financial institutions and constituents to try to mitigate the crisis. The th Congress was inaugurated on January 6, It was a quiet affair with the focus squarely on the inauguration of the new president that was to follow.
The Congressional Democrats look forward to a new relationship with the executive branch with their party firmly in charge of both branches. Republicans in Congress appear willing to engage with the president as long as there is recognition that their support is crucial to addressing the numerous crises he inherited. One week into his tenure, the President already welcomed the Congressional leadership of both parties to the White House and promises weekly meetings in the future.