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List of Catholic dioceses in the Philippines | Revolvy

A study of the problems met by the principals in selected regional boys trade high .. Assessment Test results in all public high schools in the division of Zambales del Sur, an appraisal / - - xviii, leaves: maps ; ; 28 cm. Villarde, Lavinia G. 1, NLP - General Book (Thesis Vi ). 2nd Joint Coast Guard Committee Meeting held in China National Mapping and Resource Information Authority; other agencies from the Iba, Zambales was said to be onboard unnamed fishing banca, painted navy blue Accordingly, the said vessel was conducting afloat repairs and was anchored since BDO from the last Annual Meeting of BDO held on April 22, will be presented to the stockholders boards of Management Association of the Philippines (MAP), .. Company Phils., Inc. and BDO Unibank, Inc. from to Clara Estate Building, Lacson St., Mandalagan, Iba, Zambales.

The following is his personal observation recorded during his visit to Sumatra: One of these ethnic groups was subjugated there and they were unable to flee for various circumstances. Someone speaking Pampango which I heard before found out that they were not speaking Pampango among themselves, but they the Malays of Sumatra donned the old Pampango ethnic costume.

And when he addressed an old man among them, the [old man] replied: You are descendants of the lost, that in times past left this place to settle in other lands, and nothing was heard about them again.

This resonates with the local Panay tradition regarding the arrival of ten Datus from Borneo. The kingdom of Pannai was a militant-nation allied under the Srivijaya Mandala that defended the conflict-ridden Strait of Malacca. The Visayan lore says that in the 13th century, ten Bornean datus came to the island which they named Panay, Pani or Panae after the fallen kingdom of Pannai or a shortening of the Ati word for the island, Ananipay.

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This, after they dissented from the unjust rule of a certain Rajah Makatunao and exiled themselves. Upon arriving on the island of Panaythey gave a golden hat salakot and a long pearl necklace called Manangyad in the Hiligaynon language meaning a long necklace that touches or "nagasangyad" the ground as a peace offering and treaty-items to the Ati natives of the island. It was said that it was also a way of the ten Bornean datus to barter the flat lands of Panay from the Ati.

One datu, named Paiburong, was given the territory of Irong-Irong cf. The Visayans of Panay wore clothing over themselves compared to the Cebuanos which the Spaniards called "Pintados" for the tattoos that adorned their exposed bodies. Unlike the Indianized Cebuanos who were neutral to the Spaniards or the partially islamized Tagalogs of Manila who were more hostile, the people of Madja-as welcomed the Iberians as allies since at that time period, Madya-as was locked in a war against the invading Muslims, especially with the Sultanate of Brunei and its vassal states, the Sultanate of Sulu and the Kingdom of Maynila which, according to Spanish Governor-General Franciso de Sandeare their blood-cousins.

All year long, after the harvest, they would sail toward faraway places to hunt slaves and make surprise attacks on settlements.

Those who did not live along the rivers, would make their raids in the months of February, March, April, October and November, going deeper into the interior parts of the islands, sacking the villages.

These raiding expeditions are called panggubat noun or manggubat gerund verb form. Since there was no precedent in Spain for the immensity of a Manila-Galleon, it could be argued that the proto-type Manila galleons were of Visayan design since the Visayans were already constructing huge multi-masted 4 to 5 decked caracoas in their wars against the other kingdoms and thus, the technical know-how to construct the first Manila galleons was an amelioration of Visayan shipbuilding with Spanish shipbuilding.

Oton built the first Manila galleons before operations were eventually transferred to the Bicol and Cavite shipyards. In the yeara large Muslim attack on Iloilo City was launched, with a force of 70 ships and 4, warriors, raiding and attacking several Visayan islands in order to abduct slaves.

However, the attack was repulsed by a force of 1, Visayan warriors and 70 Mexican arquebusiers under the command of the Don Juan Garcia de Sierra the Spanish alcalde mayorwho died in battle. Indue to ever-increasing attacks especially from the Dutch and the Moros, the Spaniards again moved their seat of power some 25 kilometres 16 miles eastward to the village of Irong-Irong, which had natural and strategic defense against raids.

At the mouth of the river that snakes through Panay, the Spaniards built Fort San Pedro to better guard against the raids which were now the only threat to their hold on the islands.

Irong-Irong or Ilong-Ilong was shortened to Iloilo. Later, the natural port area quickly became the capital of the province. After its establishment under Spanish rule, Iloilo received Chinese migrants from the west which worked among the city's industries the Locsin, Lopez, Jalandoni, Lim and Sy families and Latinos from across the Pacific Viceroyalty of New Spain to man its military fortifications the Araneta, De Rama and Arroyo families.

In the late 18th century, the development of large-scale weaving industry started the movement of Iloilo's surge in trade and economy in the Visayas. Sometimes referred to as the "Textile Capital of the Philippines", [18] the products were exported to Manila and other foreign places.

Because of the rise of the textile industry, there was also a rise of the upper middle class. However, with the introduction of cheap textile from the UK and the emergence of the sugar economy, the industry waned in the midth century.

Mansion de Lopez Nelly Gardenwhich is regaled as the "Queen of all heritage houses in Iloilo" and Panay, is one of the grand mansions in the heritage district of Jaro that resulted from the sugar boom. The waning textile industry was replaced, however, by the opening of Iloilo's port to the world market in Because of this, Iloilo's industry and agriculture was put on direct access to foreign markets.

But what triggered the economic boom of Iloilo in the 19th century was the development of the sugar industry in Iloilo and its neighboring island of Negros.

Sugar during the 19th century was of high demand. Nicholas Loneythe British vice-consul in Iloilo, developed the industry by giving loans, constructing warehouses in the port, and introducing new technologies in sugar farming. The rich families of Iloilo developed large areas of Negroswhich were later called haciendas, because of sugar's high demand in the world market.

Because of the increase in commercial activity, infrastructures, recreational facilities, educational institutions, banks, foreign consulates, commercial firms and much more sprouted in Iloilo.

On 5 Octoberdue to the economic development that was happening in Iloilo making it the most important port in the Philippine Islands next to Manila, [19] Iloilo was raised from the status of a town to a city through a Royal Decree, [20] [21] and inthe city government was established. The immediate reaction of Ilonggo elite to the outbreak of the rebellion in Manila was that of surprise.

They immediately responded with protestations of outrage and affirmed their loyalty to Spain. The Ilonggos themselves were united in their support of Spain during the first two years of the revolutionary period. Condemning the uprising, the City's letter to the Governor General says: The Ilongos are Spaniards, Your Excellency, and Spaniards will they be until death, because they do not want to live and die in another way than under the shadow of the august Castillan standard, to which they owe being dignified and free men now.

General Delgado is the brainchild in the uprising against the Spanish colonial bureaucracy that led to the establishment of Estado Federal de Bisayas which encompasses the islands of RomblonPanayGuimarasNegrosCebu and Bohol. The foreign community in the city also asked its representatives to visit local authorities and to elevate their protests against the revolt. This emboldened the Ilonggo elite to initiate the organization of volunteers to be sent to quell what was seen as a mostly-Tagalog rebellion.

The move was backed by the Spanish and foreign communities of Iloilo. Once the Pact of Biak-na-Bato was signed, they returned to Iloilo. In April their homecoming, just like their departure, was met with much fanfare. This galvanized the Ilonggos into more public outpourings and manifestations of loyalty to Spain. On a side note, at the beginning of the American period, Cebu became the second port of importance Iloilo having been partly ravaged by bombardment, fire, and riot during the American occupation of Iloilo City.

Yet, it was also during this period of Philippine history that Iloilo was more popularly known as the "Queen City of the South". This points to the fact that the moniker was associated to the Queen Regent's favor and to the honorary title granted to Iloilo City as Muy Noble Ciudad, due to the loyalty of its citizens to the Spanish Crown. It was in Arevalo later, a district of Iloilo CityPanay that the conquest of Luzon was planned and launched, on 8 Maywith the help of seafaring inhabitants of the Island.

A truce was declared between the American and the Spanish forces pending the negotiations of the joint commission of both warring Countries in Paris, France for the terms of peace. Meanwhile, General Aguinaldo sent several small vessels to Panay with Tagalog revolutionaries in order to stir up rebellion in the Visayas. He was anxious to secure all territories he could before the conditions for peace should be settled in Paris.

At stake was the hope that actual possession of territories would influence the final decision. By December, de los Rios held only the city and port of Iloilo.

Delgado was named provincial governor afterwards. The newly found freedom of the Ilonggos would be short-lived. Miller, and were afterwards reinforced up to a total strength of about 3, troops and two ships, [42] to take possession of the territory in accordance with the Treaty of Paris.

A government was constituted. On 17 Januaryan election placed Raymundo Melliza, of a notable family from Molo that was respected by both the natives and foreigners, to office as Mayor. However, the influence of the new regime established by the government of Aguinaldo did not have effective extent far beyond a day's march from the Capital.

At the threshold of the City and Province of Iloilo, the Americans were waiting for signal from Manila. Two more ships supplemented the U. Miller expressed demands for the surrender of Iloilo but no gun was fired.

The Americans were waiting for the right moment, for it was not until 6 February that the American Senate ratified the Treaty of Paris. Emissaries brought Aguinaldo's message to the Ilonggos to hold the City against the enemies.

The demand for surrender was renewed by Miller, on 7 February, upon receipt of orders from Manila, with the threat to bombard Iloilo by the 12th day of the month if no surrender would take place. Hughes, regional commander of the US imperialist forces occupying the country As the Americans were preparing to attack the City, the 1, native troops under General Martin Delgado became uncontrollable and insolent to their officers.

They were promised a monthly remuneration of Php4 and food, but only received Php1. Threats of mutiny, sacking and burning of the City, forced the Generals to collect money from the towns of Panay in order to appease the Visayan contingents. The same thing happened to the Tagalog component of the troops.

The danger of riots in the City and the attitude of native soldiers fomented fear among the inhabitants. Chinese merchants closed their stores leaving only a small hole for transacting business. It was rebuilt in by Fr.

The church was taken over by the Filipino clergy in with Fr. Clemente Garcia as the first Filipino curate. He was succeeded by Fr.

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Mariono Sevilla fromFr. Celestino Rodriguez, curate since and improved the church. It was made into a national shrine to honor St. Annethe mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary. This church holds the relics of St. Joachimthe husband of St. Elias Reyes served as its first curate. The church was step by step reconstructed in the curation of Fr. Serafin Riedo de Dios, Fr. Antonio Borlongan, and Fr. Generoso Jimenez with the cooperation of Bishop Rufino J.

Santos and the good people of the community. Helena Interior of St. Helena Parish Church The church became a parish on January 11, under the curation of its first curator Rev. Fiestas and local holidays[ edit ] Annual fiestas are held to honor the town's and each barangay's patron saints.

The town's patron saint is St. Anne the mother of the Blessed Virgin Mary or fondly called "Apo Ana" in the vernacular by the natives.

She is enshrined at the church named after her in the poblacion. This church is a National Shrine. There are also small fiestas among the different puroks of the barangays, there are feasts for the: The Holy Week observance includes self flagellants on the road, zarzuelas, the "pabasa" the passion sang as a psalmthe Good Friday and Easter dawn processions, in all parish churches. Rosario parishes are attended by at least 15 to 30 Lenten icons.

The fiestas and Holy Week rituals are deemed as a sacred tradition. Some barangays hold their feasts with extraordinary roadside decorations and buntings so elaborate that the road is almost covered with overhead decor sufficient to screen-off the sunlight at noontime. Major Fiestas in Hagonoy such as the Sto. San Sebastian 25 January Feast of St.

Paul, the Apostle Brgy. Nino — Poblacion 1 May Feast of St. Josephthe Worker Brgy. Cruz 4 May Feast of St.

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Helena, the Empress Brgy. Elena 1st Saturday of May Feast of St. Rosario 8 May Feast of St. Michael, the Archangel Brgy. San Miguel 15 May Feast of St. Isidore the Laborerthe Farmer Brgy. San Isidro 17 May Feast of St. Anthony of Padua Brgy. Palapat 24 June Feast of St. John the Baptist Brgy.